It is by the end of their ripening that root crops actively accumulate vitamins and nutrients, therefore, when determining the timing of when to dig carrots, it is so important not to rush.
To collect the most delicious, juicy and healthy carrots from your beds, you need not only to choose the right variety and carefully care for the carrot bed throughout the season, ensuring proper watering and regular loosening, but also not to miss the optimal time when digging carrots.
However, it is also not worth delaying harvesting too much, because at low daytime temperatures, the roots stop growing, and during prolonged autumn rains they absorb too much moisture, which makes the carrots crack and become tasteless.
Early ripe carrots are planted at the very beginning of the season and harvested early
Whatever sort of carrot you plant, it must be in the ground for at least 80 days (the growing season is indicated on the seed bags), otherwise the roots will not have time to reach the required size and finally ripen. So, carrots of early ripening varieties are planted at the very beginning of the season and harvested early - from the middle of summer, while the roots are juicy and sweet. Since early ripe carrots are not intended for storage, it does not make sense to leave them in the garden for a long time, so the bright taste will only be lost. The bed freed from the early carrots is convenient to use for planting beans.
Video about digging carrots
When to pull out mid-season carrots, you will determine by the yellowed tops or you can calculate it yourself, focusing on the terms indicated on the package. But the carrots of late varieties, which will go for storage, must be in the garden, at least until September or even until October, in order to accumulate carotene and other useful substances. In addition, in warm autumn weather and in the vegetable store, the temperature is quite high - such conditions are unacceptable for laying vegetables for the winter.
With a decrease in the average daily temperature in the carrot, metabolic processes slow down, the roots are cooled, which has a beneficial effect on their further storage. Therefore, the end of September and the beginning of October can be called the optimal time to dig up carrots. But the harvesting of root crops in early September will lead to a significant shortage of crops. There is a high probability that you will collect a lot of small, unripe carrots, which will be poorly stored and will quickly fade.
Harvesting root crops in early September will lead to a significant crop shortfall
If you think it’s time to harvest, dig up some root vegetables and see if they match the length indicated on the seed bag. If not, let the carrot grow a little more. It is recommended to crush the carrot tops in one direction in the second half of August so that the greens cover the carrots that have appeared from the ground, otherwise, during frosts, the roots run the risk of freezing, which will then negatively affect their storage. Bending down the tops, you can accidentally break a few stalks, but that's okay - let them lie like that.
Having decided when to dig carrots, do not forget that harvesting should be carried out in dry, warm enough weather, since root crops only in the ground tolerate frosts well, but staying in frosty air affects them negatively.
Carrot storage video
When digging up carrots, follow these basic rules:
When removing carrots from the ground, pull the tops with one hand, and hold the root crop near the ground with the other.
Among other vegetables, perhaps carrots have the strongest quality and quantity of the harvest, as well as the safety of root crops during the winter, depend on how timely the harvest was. It is not surprising that among vegetable growers such attention is paid to the question: "When to dig carrots?" After all, no one wants the time spent on careful carrot care to be wasted!
What do you mean "we remove carrots on time"?
Carrots at the end of August and in September, when the average daily temperatures drop, intensively pick up sugar and nutrients, which gives a significant increase in yield up to 40-50%. It is during these weeks that all the nutrients from the leaves are transferred to the roots. Digging up early will result in low nutritional value. Overexposing carrots in the garden - and you can lose in quality: from overripe, root crops can not only lose their juiciness and acquire bitterness, but also begin to crack.
It is possible to focus only on the biological maturation period, but this is not always justified. Many factors affect the maturation of root crops, for example, weather, agricultural technology, etc.
Carrots stop growing at the onset of stable low temperatures, from 8-7 ° C and below.
How do you know when to dig up carrots?
The leaves "speak" about this. They acquire a lifeless yellow color and lie down. If you pull the carrots out of the ground and notice new young roots on the root crop, then you need to urgently start digging.
What affects the safe storage of the crop?
The main factor in the successful storage of carrots is the right time for picking them. Harvested carrots will not be stored in high autumn temperatures. Therefore, until it is cold enough (but before frost), you should not remove the carrots.
Cleaning and storage of carrots
It is necessary to dig up root crops in dry weather. In this case, sorting is carried out immediately. Small, non-standard and damaged carrots are used for processing in the first place. High-quality root crops are handled with care, taking care not to damage the delicate skin. The tops of the leaves are not unscrewed, but cut off with a sharp knife along the line of the sleeping eyes, i.e. cut off the top of the head by 1..2 mm, so that during storage the roots do not germinate. Dry in air for no more than an hour, otherwise it will wither, then put away for storage.
Carrots are stored in sand, placed in plastic bags, layered with rowan leaves, moss is used. Some wash the root vegetables, dry them and then put them in bags. However, washing should be done, being careful not to damage the delicate skin. In this form, carrots (in small portions) are well preserved in the vegetable compartment in the refrigerator.
The question of when to remove carrots from the garden cannot be answered unequivocally. Each summer resident decides for himself when to give it to him. However, it should be noted that the following factors affect the collection of root crop data:
Knowing the variety of carrots growing in your area, and analyzing other factors, you can calculate the optimal timing for harvesting.
Carrot harvest time
When to harvest late-ripening carrots
Late-ripening carrots must be dug out before the onset of stable autumn frosts, but no later than the end of September. The fact is that the root crops of this variety stop growing at temperatures below five degrees, and if they get into subzero temperatures, it will be impossible to store such carrots, since the roots are likely to rot. It is worth noting that it is undesirable to remove such carrots too early, since a sharp change in temperature (warm earth - cold basement) will not have the best effect on its long-term storage.
When to harvest mid-season carrots
Since the ripening time of mid-ripening carrots varies from 80 to 110 days, the harvest time must be calculated independently (since the planting time is different for everyone). Very often, the leaves of this carrot variety turn yellow and this phenomenon is the first sign of the ripening of root crops. If yellowness appears at least in a quarter of the garden, then you can start harvesting. It is important to take into account that the carrots of this variety should not be overexposed in the ground, as their taste changes, the roots become less juicy.
When to harvest early ripe carrots
Carrots with an early ripening period are especially sweet and juicy, you can dig them out already in the middle of summer. The optimal harvest time is 50-60 days after germination of seedlings.
Let's figure out when to store the radish from the garden and when to start digging up this vegetable. In order for the radish to be stored for 3 - 6 months, it needs to create certain conditions: the air temperature should be in the range of 0 - +3 degrees, and the humidity - from 85 to 95 percent. Some types of radish can lie at subzero temperatures - then the lower limit is pushed back to -3 degrees. The easiest way to create such conditions is in a cellar or basement. So the vegetable is usually stored along with other vegetables - potatoes, beets, carrots. It can be poured in small slides, up to 1 m high, or it can be folded into wooden or plastic boxes with holes, put them on top of each other. Root crops will have to periodically sort out and remove those that begin to deteriorate in order to preserve the rest.
The best way may be to preserve in wet sand - the roots are laid out in boxes so that they do not come into contact with each other, the layers are sprinkled with clean river sand. This sand will need to be moistened - then the radish will not lose its juiciness and elasticity.
In the absence of a cellar, the vegetable can be folded into a bag made of dense polyethylene, put in an unheated room, make sure that the temperature there does not drop below -3 degrees.
Burts or trenches are also suitable for long-term storage of crops. You can put a vegetable on the bottom of such a trench, cover it with wet sand or earth on top, and put a layer of dry straw on it. From above, everything is covered with earth, a bump is made so that precipitation rolls off from it, and moisture does not get into the trench. You can put boxes with root crops at the bottom of the trench, and cover them with earth and straw. Straw should not be put directly on vegetables so that they do not dry out, moist earth or sand will retain moisture in them, and the straw will create an air cushion to maintain temperature. This method is bad in that it is difficult to sort out root crops and remove spoiled ones.
The varieties "Winter round black" and "Winter round white" are best kept. But all the methods described are suitable for other varieties and species. Experts say that the roots of our vegetable, unlike other vegetables, are useful, and the medicinal properties only increase with long-term storage.
Pulling garlic out of time is wrong. There are 2 possible types of consequences. Late harvest - the heads will be open and scattered inside the soil. The teeth will start to take root. With heavy and prolonged rains, rotting and mold are formed. This reduces the suitability for long-term storage.
Harvesting spring or regular garlic is a simple task. Any person can handle it. There are a number of important rules to follow:
It is forbidden to shake garlic and beat it against each other. This will damage the integrity of the cloves, leading to shedding of the husk. Sorting is performed.
Often, gardeners, when growing tomatoes, notice that something is wrong with the plants: either the leaves have changed color, then incomprehensible spots have appeared on the fruits. What's missing in tomatoes? What's happening? What do tomato leaves say? Is it possible to determine from them what the tomatoes are missing? Why did the leaves change color or shape? What are the signs of micronutrient deficiency, deficiency of those ...
Even gladiolus corms affected by thrips can not be thrown away, but saved... What's more, they can grow back in the spring if stored properly.
But first you need to cut off all the affected areas with a sharp knife. Of course, in this case we are talking about those parts of the plants in which the pests have chosen a smaller part.
After trimming, the planting material is placed in a weak solution of potassium permanganate, and then the cut points must be passed with brilliant green.
Further, it is stored according to general rules. However, it is still desirable to allocate a separate place for it from completely healthy plants or place it together with the same cured corms.
By the way, this method can be used not only in case of defeat by thrips, but also in case of other unpleasant diseases. For example, rot.
Storage of diseased corms