Photo nightshade jasmine, giant, Zeaforta, Wendland, curly


Photo of indoor plants

Briefly about leaving

Nightshade needs bright, but diffused light, because in direct sunlight, burns can appear on the leaves, and lack of lighting leads to the fact that the plant does not bear fruit well, blooms and is low-leafed. During the growing season, the temperature should be around 18-26 degrees, and in the fall and winter the plant is kept at 12-14 degrees. The nightshade is watered from the beginning of spring to the end of summer abundantly (as soon as the top layer of the substrate dries up), and the rest of the time it is watered more carefully (a few days after the soil surface is dry). High air humidity is required, a pot of nightshade can be placed on a pallet with wet expanded clay or pebbles, and the plant itself must be regularly sprayed with water at room temperature.

From late spring to early autumn, nightshade is fed 2-3 times a month with fertilizers for indoor decorative flowering plants. The nightshade is pruned (in February-March) by a third of the height annually after the fruits ripen and the leaves begin to turn yellow. When grown indoors, nightshade begins a dormant period due to unsuitable conditions, and lasts from mid-autumn to the end of winter. It is advisable to replant nightshade annually in March (you can parallel with pruning). For nightshade, propagation is suitable both by cuttings (in spring and summer) and seed (in spring).

Read more about caring for nightshade

Photos of popular species

Jasmine and giant nightshade, Zeafort and Wendland, curly and pseudo-pepper, pepper-shaped or peppery.

In the photo: Solanum capsicastrum / Pepper nightshade (pepper)

In the photo: Solanum capsicastrum / Pepper nightshade (pepper)

In the photo: Solanum crispum / Curly nightshade

In the photo: Solanum crispum / Curly nightshade

In the photo: Solanum jasminoides / jasmine nightshade

In the photo: Solanum jasminoides / jasmine nightshade

In the photo: Solanum pseudocapsicum / False Nightshade

Photo: Solanum pseudocapsicum / False Nightshade

In the photo: Solanum seaforthianum / Zeafort's nightshade

Photo: Solanum seaforthianum / Zeafort's nightshade

In the photo: Solanum wendlandii / Wendland nightshade

In the photo: Solanum wendlandii / Wendland nightshade

Literature

  1. Read the topic on Wikipedia
  2. Features and other plants of the family Solanaceae
  3. List of all species on The Plant List
  4. More information on World Flora Online
  5. Indoor Plants Information

Sections: Houseplants Solanaceous Plants on P Photos of plants


Solanum benefits, harms, growing at home

  1. The selection of a place and lighting for a plant is carried out taking into account its natural growth. By placing the nightshade on the window of an east or west location, it will be provided with a bright, but diffused light. Shading is needed from direct sunlight on the southern windowsill.
  2. The temperature when grown in spring-summer should be in the range of 18-25 degrees, and with the arrival of autumn it is reduced to a range of 12-15 units. Drafts are harmful, but ventilation is necessary.
  3. Air humidity when growing nightshade needs high (about 65%) all year round. Daily spraying of hardwood is recommended.
  4. Watering is carried out abundantly throughout the growing season (usually from April to September). The soil in a pot that has dried a little on the surface serves as a reference point. But when the so-called "dormant period" comes, the moisture becomes more scarce, so that the earthen lump does not completely dry out.
  5. Rest period. For this plant, this time is forced, since the level of illumination decreases, the same happens with the indicators of humidity, it lasts from October to the end of winter. When grown indoors, it is recommended to transfer nightshade to a room with good lighting, temperatures need cool, and the level of humidity is high, while watering is limited. As soon as new sprouts are noticed on the bush, they begin to moisturize a little more.
  6. Fertilizers for nightshade. When May comes, you will need to feed until September. The frequency of fertilization is every 14–21 days. Liquid preparations are used for flowering indoor plants, but some growers use top dressing for tomatoes. The concentration is usually not violated, indicated on the packaging by the manufacturer.
  7. General care of nightshade consists of routine pruning. It is recommended to hold them annually in spring. Shoots are shortened by 1/3 of their entire length. Also, the signal for pruning is the ripening of fruits and yellowed leaf plates. To increase bushiness, those shoots that do not have buds and flowers should be regularly pinched.
  8. Transplant and recommendations for soil selection. After the pruning operation is carried out, it is recommended for the nightshade to change the pot and the soil in it. This time usually occurs in late winter or early March. A 2-3 cm layer of drainage is placed on the bottom of the new container so that the root system is not exposed to flooding. Drainage can be medium expanded clay, broken shards or bricks, but the pieces should not be large.
  • peat, sod land, leafy soil (it is collected from under the birches, capturing a little rotted foliage), while the parts of the components should be equal
  • river sand, humus, turf and peat soil (in a ratio of 1: 2: 2: 2).


Description and types of plants

Nightshade in Latin is called "solyanum". In nature, there are up to 1500 species of it. These are mainly evergreen shrubs, native to the tropics and subtropics. But most often they can be found in South America. Most of them are perennial, but there are also annual specimens.

The nightshade family is so diverse that among them there are grasses, climbing vines, shrubs and trees. Stems can be erect or creeping. The shape of the leaves is different, but depends on the variety - it can be simple or pinnately dissected.

Mostly popular are dwarf species that grow to a height of no more than 30 cm. The nightshade is distinguished by rich green foliage and the brightness of berries. For its decorative qualities, the people call it winter cherry. The plant is easy to care for, some varieties in the wild are even weeds and quickly adapt to external conditions.

It blooms at different times of the year, depending on the variety. Nightshade flowers can be white, yellow, pink, or purple. They are collected in panicles, scutes, or brushes. They form fruits with seeds inside. At first, berries with a diameter of 1-1.5 cm are green, then gradually turn red or orange. They look spectacular against a dark green background. To keep the fruits on berry bushes longer, the pot is placed in a cool room.

Nightshade berries are poisonous and can cause severe intestinal upset. Therefore, when grown for ornamental purposes, the plant must be kept away from small children and animals.

Types of indoor nightshade are presented in the table.

Name Description Photo
Jasmine Climbing shrub, reaching a height of 4 m. Undescended leaves of an elongated ovoid form grow in the upper part of thin shoots. Length 7 cm, width 3 cm. Flowers are light blue, collected in inflorescences in the form of panicles. Bright red fruits with a diameter of 1.5 dm
Giant Six-meter climbing shrub. Dark green leaves are elongated, lanceolate, up to 25 cm long. Shoots are thick, covered with small thorns and whitish hairs. Lilac flowers hang from the corymbose inflorescence. The berries look like red and orange balls
Wendland Branched evergreen shrubs up to 4 m high. Shoots have small thorns. Leaves in the lower part are trilobate, dark green, 25 cm long, in the upper part - elongated, elliptical, 10 cm long. The flowers are purple, collected in corymbose inflorescences-panicles. The fruit is also bright purple in color
Pseudo-transverse Non-deciduous shrub up to half a meter high with branched shoots. Elongated dark green leaves are lanceolate. Eternal blooming. It blooms with small white flowers that grow singly. Bright red berries in shape and color resemble cherries
Pepper (peppery) In another way, it is called the Jerusalem cherry. Low-growing shrub, reaching a height of no more than half a meter, with gray-green leaves, wavy along the edge, oval in shape. Their length is different - from 2 to 7 cm. Flowers are white, small. Red berries with a diameter of 1 cm.Transverse nightshade has several varieties that differ in the color of flowers and leaves
Curly Fast growing vine. The second name is Glasnevin. Flowers of a purple-blue hue have a star-like shape, like those of a potato, collected in apical corymbose inflorescences. The fruits are pale yellow. It tolerates cold better than other varieties
Zeaforta The bush has a decorative look. It grows to a height of 5-6 m. The leaves are slightly wavy, lanceolate. Inflorescence in the form of a panicle, it contains hanging flowers of a light purple hue. Berries are red-orange ovoid


Watch the video: Solanum jaminoides - Potato Vine


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