How to feed dill at home and in the open field

Dill is so unpretentious and tenacious, scattered throughout the garden, like a weed, that not everyone even thinks of feeding him something. But there are situations when this culture does not want to grow even in a specially designated garden bed. What does dill need to actively build up lush and fragrant leaves, as well as umbrellas?

Do I need top dressing for dill

Top dressing is not needed if:

  • Your dill grows through self-seeding, mixed with other crops, under which you fertilized, feed them.
  • You have made a separate bed for dill, fertilized the ground.

In order not to feed the dill, for digging, add on 1 m²: 6-8 kg of compost and a tablespoon of superphosphate, potassium sulfate, urea or ammonium nitrate. This entire set of mineral fertilizers can be replaced with 1 tbsp. l. complex fertilizer nitroammofosk.

Video: dill grows self-seeding

Top dressing is required in two cases:

  • You did not fertilize the ground before sowing.
  • You grow dill at home, that is, on a windowsill or balcony. In a limited amount of land, food is less, it is consumed faster than in the garden. In addition, we usually sow greens in pots thicker, there are more plants per unit of nutrient soil.

    Dill in a pot needs to be fed

When and how to feed dill

Dill is an early ripening culture. The growing season lasts 30-50 days. You can sow it from early spring to late summer. But when growing on greens, feeding is always (both in spring and summer) one is enough - when the plants have the first 1-2 true leaves. If you need seeds, then when the buds (umbrellas) are extended, feed again. These two dressings should be different in composition:

  • To obtain greens, apply a complex fertilizer containing mainly nitrogen. It is this element that provokes the growth of large and juicy leaves. But the nutrient solution must contain phosphorus for root growth, and potassium for redistribution and delivery of food to the fast-growing parts. The ideal option is when the feeding also contains trace elements that play the same role for plants as vitamins do for us.
  • To obtain aromatic and large seeds, you will also need a complex fertilizer, but with a predominance of potassium, nitrogen is no longer needed at this time.

Fertilizers for open ground, greenhouses, greenhouses

Liquid concentrate Biohumus under any brand (Florizel, "Ivanovskoe", "Fasco", etc.) can be used as nitrogen-containing dressings in open ground and greenhouses. Be sure to check the composition: there should be more nitrogen in it in percentage than phosphorus and potassium. In addition, liquid bottled horse dung extract is suitable, as well as homemade infusions of mullein, bird droppings, nettles, or any succulent weeds. They also contain a lot of nitrogen and some other elements.

Composition of Biohumus universal "Ivanovskoe": there is more nitrogen, there are also trace elements, the fertilizer is suitable for feeding "on greens"

At the time of the beginning of flowering, pick up a complex fertilizer in which there is less nitrogen than potassium and phosphorus. Sometimes it is sold under the same name - Biohumus, but the composition is different. You can buy any universal fertilizer: Agricola, Fertika, Clean Leaf, etc.

The composition of the common universal fertilizer Fertik Lux: more potassium, can be fed for good flowering and fruiting

A good alternative to complex fertilizing for seed formation will be the introduction of wood ash:

  • Shake a glass of ash in 10 liters of water and pour until the slurry has settled.
  • Powder the soil in the garden with ash and water.

It is not recommended to feed greens with mineral fertilizers, especially nitrogen fertilizers (urea, ammonium nitrate). After all, we eat dill young right from the garden. At the slightest overdose, the leaves will not have time to assimilate and get rid of excess chemistry, it will be deposited in the feathers, to put it mildly, there will be no benefit to us from such "vitamins".

How to feed at home

Use the same feed for dill at home, except for homemade organics. Infusions of mullein, droppings and nettles have very unpleasant, corrosive and difficult to weather odors. Use about 100 ml of nutrient solution per 1 liter of soil, spread over damp ground.

I know about the stench from organic feeding from personal experience. Once I came to visit a friend, there was such a “scent” in the apartment, as if I had ended up in a public toilet that had not been cleaned for at least a week. It turns out that the hostess fed the seedlings with mullein infusion. I got a mullein in the village from relatives and was very proud of this trophy. She prepared the infusion and watered it on the loggia, moreover, open. But this did not save, the stench penetrated into the rooms. All eyewitnesses of such feeding unanimously came to the conclusion that it is no longer necessary to do this in the apartment.

Video: a novice gardener shares her experience in collecting dill

Dill needs feeding only on unfertilized soil. To obtain greenery, water young plants once with a nutrient solution with a predominance of nitrogen. If you need umbrellas with seeds, add a complex mixture that contains more potassium than nitrogen at the time of budding.

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Planting and caring for dill outdoors

It is believed that the best fertilizers for seedlings should contain a complex of useful substances that are important for the full development of the plant: nitrogen, phosphorus, potassium (for example, the preparation of nitroammofosk contains an equal amount of these elements). Nevertheless, feeding the seedlings with one-component fertilizers will come to the rescue in the event that the plants are lacking in any particular substance.

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Healing properties

Almost every zonal pelargonium has a characteristic strong smell of leaves - the same for all varieties (unlike specimens of fragrant pelargonium), capable of repelling pests and moths. Despite the fact that not everyone finds it too pleasant, in herbal medicine (sometimes in sanatoriums), the smell of pelargonium is used to treat neuroses and insomnia.

To carry out a similar treatment procedure (in the absence of contraindications and allergies) at home, it is enough to inhale this smell for 10 minutes daily for 2 weeks: sit half a meter from the flower, stir its leaves, take 3 deep breaths, and then breathe calmly ... Since zonal pelargonium is a "universal" flower, suitable for growing both in the room and on the balcony, and in the garden, it will not be at all difficult to organize sessions of such "home herbal medicine".

The best lawn fertilizers in detail

Lawn grass is a crop intensive cultivation. It is constantly mowed, and part of the accumulated nutrients is removed from the site along with the plant mass. With the help of fertilizers, the mineral nutrition is replenished and the growth of grass plants is regulated.

For a more complete understanding of the correct use of fertilizers, consider the properties of each nutrient and its effect on lawn plants.

Like any plants, the main nutrients are nitrogen, phosphorus and potassium, which must be maintained in the soil in optimal quantities.

Nitrogen, denoted by the Latin letter N, is necessary for plant growth. The intensity of the lawn grass growth and its color depends on its amount in the soil.

With an excess of nitrogen, there is a very strong growth of plants and a dark green color of the leaves, but at the same time they become unstable to unfavorable conditions, age quickly, the lawn becomes overconsolidated, and diseases begin to appear.

With a lack of nitrogen, plant growth is very weak, they wear out quickly, bald spots appear on the site, the color of the leaves is pale green. Plant nitrogen is available in nitrate and ammonium forms. The most easily assimilated nitrate form, but it is easily washed out of the soil.

The ammonium form is less mobile and, under the influence of microorganisms in the soil, turns into a nitrate form, therefore, nitrogen reserves must be replenished constantly. Lawn nitrogen fertilizers are ammonium nitrate and urea (urea).

Phosphorus, denoted by the Latin letter P, is responsible for energy metabolism in plants and the accumulation of nutrients necessary for overwintering lawn grass. With a lack of phosphorus, plants become brittle and take on a purple hue.

Excess phosphorus blocks the entry of many trace elements into plants, which leads to a cessation of plant growth. Plant phosphorus is available as phosphoric acid ion.

In some soils, it easily turns into an insoluble compound and becomes inaccessible to the plant, therefore, phosphorus is introduced into the soil in fractional small doses.

Potassium, denoted by the Latin letter K, maintains the water-salt balance in the plant and is responsible for the resistance of plants to high temperatures and low air humidity, improves the winter hardiness of lawn grass.

Usually in soils, potassium reserves are in an average value, but its application to the area with lawn grass is necessary due to the high consumption. Lack of potassium causes edge burns of leaves and their death.

High doses of potassium lead to root burns and root death, since potassium is usually present in nutritional mixtures in the form of salts.

Compound lawn fertilizer usually contains phosphorus and potassium together.

Lawn grass also needs trace elements. They are involved in a variety of chemical reactions in plants. The most important trace elements for lawn grass are iron and copper. Their deficiency usually reduces the growth and intensity of the green color of the leaves.

In order for the lawn grass to have continuous growth and emerald green color of the leaves, it is necessary to timely fill the need for macro- and microelements. We will talk about how to do this below.

What is the best lawn fertilizer to use and when should it be applied?

Fertilizers for the lawn are chosen such that they can give a uniform color to the grass cover. Granular fertilizers give the best results in areas with lawn grass. Their granules should be 0.5 to 1.5 mm in size and easily separate from each other.

In the spring, after overwintering, having cleared the lawn grass from dead plant residues, it is necessary to quickly bring it out of hibernation and give it readily available food.

Ammonium nitrate belongs to the category of the best lawn fertilizer in the spring.

It contains nitrate nitrogen, which is available to plants at temperatures from +5 degrees and gives rapid growth to restore plant mass after winter damage.

In the summer, it is necessary to use complex mineral fertilizers for lawns with a full range of basic nutrients. Nitroammofoska is a universal source of food during this period for lawn grass. batteries in it are N16P16K16 (the numbers indicate the percentage of the element).

Due to the presence of easily washed out nitrogen in the nitroammophos, it has a short-term effect. To resolve this issue, it is alternated with urea (carbamide), where the nitrogen content is highest and it is in the amide form.

Amide nitrogen in the soil is gradually released under the action of microorganisms into an ammonia or nitrate form available to plants, so the period of action of urea reaches one month or more.

Fertilizers for the lawn containing microelements, I use in the summer with the active growth of lawn grass, and are presented both in dry and liquid form. It is better to use them in a chelated form (Mikrovit, Hydromix), but ordinary salts can also be used (iron, copper sulfate).

The last application of nutrients for growth should be done at the end of August.

What are the best autumn lawn fertilizers? These include those that will prepare the lawn grass for overwintering. The main task of fertilizing a lawn in autumn is to reduce growth processes and provide nutrition so that the plant can stock up on nutrients in the underground parts.

Diammophoska N10P20K20 meets these requirements. It contains a small amount of nitrogen and a high content of phosphorus and potassium. It belongs to the category of phosphorus-potassium fertilizer for the lawn. Diammofoska is rather difficult to dissolve, so it is advisable to apply it before the rain.

With the help of it, the question is easily solved: how to fertilize the lawn in the fall.

Having prepared the lawn grass for overwintering, the nutrient cycle is completed and begins again in the spring.

How to fertilize your lawn?

The introduction of nutrients is a very responsible process, on which in most cases the beauty of the lawn grass depends, and improper actions can damage and even destroy it in a short period.

The main thing when applying any fertilizer for the lawn is the uniformity of distribution over the surface.

There are usually two ways to introduce nutrients for lawn grass: in liquid form and in dry form.

In dry form, granular fertilizers are applied: ammonium nitrate, urea, nitroammofosk and diammofosk. Their application rate when feeding is usually 10 g per sq. m of lawn once a month. But the exact rate is selected empirically. For this, after application, the growth of the lawn grass is monitored. It is known that lawn mowing is done when the lawn has grown to half its height.

If the height of the lawn grass is 20 mm, then it is mowed when growing by 30 mm, and if the lawn is 40 mm, then it is mowed when growing by 60 mm. Nutrients are sufficient if at least one mow can be done in a week. If more than 2 mows are carried out per week and the lawn grass quickly outgrows, then the amount or frequency of feeding should be reduced at least 2 times.

Before applying, the area of ​​the site is considered and the required amount of fertilizer is weighed out for it.

Granular fertilizers can be applied with a special hand-held spreader in small areas up to 100 sq. m., which is a large mug with a drive of the spreading device on the handle.

With a plot of more than 100 sq. m it is better to use a single-disc fertilizer spreader for the lawn with a drive from the wheels, the width of the distribution strip of granules from 2 to 10 m.

Before applying, the spreader is adjusted to the minimum spreading rate and the amount of fertilizer required for the area is filled in without residue.

Then the application is carried out, passing the site in different directions (first along, then across, then at an angle, etc.), until the end of fertilization in the hopper. In this way, the introduction is the most even distribution of nutrients.

It is not recommended to use a slotted spreader with holes on the bottom. The granules fall out of it in a path, and when they are clogged, uncomfortable stripes are obtained, which appear after a few days.

After the introduction of granular fertilizers, irrigation must be carried out at a rate of 100 liters per 100 square meters, while the granules must completely dissolve. Insufficient watering can cause burns on the lawn, especially during the hot summer period.

Microfertilizers are applied in liquid form using a sprayer once a month. The application rate is usually 10 g per 100 sq. M. First, dissolve the prepared dose on the site in a small amount of water, then dissolve it in full.

The concentration of micronutrient fertilizers should not exceed 10 g per 10 liters of water. Spray on the leaves of the lawn grass after mowing, distributing the entire prepared solution evenly.

This liquid fertilizer for the lawn must be absorbed through the leaves, so the area is not watered for at least 24 hours.

We hope that these recommendations will allow you to get a beautiful green meadow every year.

Autumn fertilizers for the garden

Fertilizing the soil in the fall is extremely important, since it is during this period that the plants have the last chance to accumulate nutrients that will help them survive the winter frosts.

The most important elements during this period are phosphorus and potassium, which promote the growth of the root system, as well as increase the resistance of plants to diseases and adverse weather conditions.

Autumn fertilizers for berry bushes

One of the most popular phosphate fertilizers is superphosphate. On store shelves, you can find regular (20% phosphorus) or double superphosphate (49% phosphorus), which contains less ballast substances. For feeding berry bushes, you can use 1-2 tablespoons. superphosphate under one bush. Fertilizer is scattered over the entire area of ​​the trunk circle and embedded to a depth of 7-10 cm.

From potash fertilizers in the fall, you can use both sulphate and potassium chloride (15-20 g per 1 sq. M.). The chlorine contained in the last fertilizer will have time to evaporate by the beginning of the new growing season and will not cause any harm to berry bushes.

Novice gardeners often wonder when to apply fall fertilizer? Is it possible to do this in one fell swoop, with a generous hand scattering granules under all trees and shrubs at once? Unfortunately, no: the time of fertilization in the fall for different shrubs is different. So, currants are fed in the third decade of September, gooseberries - at the end of the first autumn month, and raspberries - in October.

Mineral fertilizers can be combined with organic fertilizers. For example, under an adult gooseberry bush, you can add 8-15 kg of humus and 40 g of potassium sulfate. Experienced gardeners partially embed humus in the soil, and partially use it as mulch.

When feeding raspberries and currants, 10-15 kg of humus is combined with 60 g of superphosphate and 40 g of potassium salt for each bush. For better penetration of fertilizers, they are introduced into grooves 20 cm deep, which are dug out 30 cm from the bush.

Berry bushes respond well to feeding with chicken droppings. Dry manure is introduced for digging at the rate of 0.8 kg per 1 sq. M, avoiding contact of the fertilizer with plant roots. Some gardeners prefer to water the aisles with a solution of chicken manure (1:15).

Of the organic fertilizers that are suitable for feeding berry bushes, wood ash can also be noted, which is especially popular with raspberries. However, it is undesirable to use this fertilizer more often than once every 3-4 years.

Autumn fertilizers for fruit trees

An apple tree and a pear can also be fed with double superphosphate (30 g per 1 square meter of the trunk circle). Every year in September, it is recommended to use potassium sulfate (30 g per 1 square meter) or potassium monophosphate dissolved in water (10-15 g per 10 liters of water at the rate of 10 liters of solution per 1 square meter).

Experienced gardeners believe that plums, cherries and apricots can be fed with double superphosphate and potassium sulfate in the same dosages. But at the same time, in order to normalize the acidity of the soil, it is advisable to add 300 g of lime per 1 sq.m. every five years.

From organic fertilizers in autumn, fruit trees will like humus. It is buried in the soil under cherries and plums - to a depth of 12-15 cm, under apples and pears - to a depth of 15-20 cm. Trees up to 8 years old require about 30 kg of humus, more mature plants - about 50 kg of this organic fertilizer.

Alternatively, you can use rotted (2-3 years) manure. 4-5 kg ​​of fertilizer is applied to the trunks of fruit trees for digging.

Autumn fertilizers for conifers

There are several views on the autumn feeding of conifers. Some gardeners believe that fertilization can be applied only in spring, as well as in the middle of summer, so that young non-lignified shoots formed due to late dressing do not freeze in winter.

But sometimes, with a deficiency of trace elements, chlorosis develops in plants, which is expressed in the acquisition of lighter or, conversely, brownish shades of needles. In addition, some gardeners claim that autumn feeding is important for the normal functioning of the roots. Be that as it may, the presence of industrial autumn fertilizers intended specifically for conifers confirms that it is useful to feed Christmas trees and pines in the fall.

Among such fertilizers, Florovit is widespread, contributing to lignification of shoots, as well as increasing frost resistance. You can feed the plants with Florovit until the end of September, scattering granules on the ground around trees and shrubs (at the rate of 5 g per 1 m of tree or shrub height).

In general, when feeding conifers, it is advisable to be guided by the principle "undersalted is better than oversalted." If you are in doubt if your green pets need late feeding, simply cover the tree trunks with coniferous bark. As it decomposes, it will fertilize and acidify the soil, as well as provide plant roots with additional protection from frost.

Autumn fertilizers for strawberries (garden strawberries)

Autumn feeding of strawberries is possible from September to October. Plants respond well to organic fertilizers, in particular, to bird droppings diluted with water 1: 15-20 and infused for 2 days. With this composition, grooves are shed between the bushes, carefully bypassing the rosette of leaves.

You can also use mullein diluted 1:10 with water, or slurry diluted 1: 8 and left to infuse for 2 days. Under one bush, you can use no more than 1 liter of fertilizer.

Of mineral fertilizers, a mixture of nitrophoska (2 tablespoons) and potassium salt (20 g), diluted with 10 liters of water, can be a good option. The maximum allowable dose of fertilizer for one strawberry bush is 1 liter.

If you are going to transplant garden strawberries, then about 40 g of nitrophoska can also be added to each hole. However, you need to make sure that the roots of the plants do not come into contact with the fertilizer, otherwise they may get burned.

An excellent option for autumn fertilization when transplanting strawberries can be wood ash (1 glass per 1 square meter).

Autumn fertilizers for roses

In the fall, roses can be fed twice: in early September (if your roses have finished blooming late), and also in late September - early October. Autumn fertilization can be root and foliar.

For root top dressing, you can use a complex autumn fertilizer intended directly for these beautiful flowers (according to the instructions), or you can prepare a balanced top dressing yourself. To do this, 16 g of potassium monophosphate and 15 g of superphosphate are diluted in 10 liters of water. This volume is enough to feed plants on an area of ​​4-5 sq.m.

Roses also respond well to feeding with the following solution: 10 g of potassium sulfate, 25 g of superphosphate and 2.5 g of boric acid - per 10 liters of water.

When adding boric acid, be careful - its excessive amount can burn the roots and lead to a violation of the vegetation.

Popular rumor recommends feeding roses in autumn with yeast. 10 g dry yeast, 2 tbsp. sugar and 10 liters of water are infused for 2 hours, and then diluted with another 50 liters of water.

At the same time, in order to avoid potash starvation, it is important to feed the roses with ash. To do this, you can use an ash solution (100 g of ash per 10 liters of water) or simply sprinkle ash on the soil around the bushes.

Ashes can be successfully used for foliar feeding (200 g per 10 l of water).

Also in the fall, majestic garden beauties can be sprayed with a solution of potassium monophosphate and superphosphate (5 g of each drug - for 10 liters of water).

Autumn fertilizers for lilies

Feeding with phosphorus and potassium will significantly increase the winter hardiness of the bulbs, which means that next year the plants will not take long to recover from the frost, and they will delight you with beautiful buds earlier. In order for the lilies to accumulate enough nutrients, you can use superphosphate (1 tablespoon double or 2 tablespoons simple) and potassium magnesium (1.5 tablespoons) in a bucket of water. This amount of solution is sufficient for watering 1 square meter of plantings.

Also, in late autumn, slightly frozen soil can be covered with a 10-centimeter layer of compost, which will become both fertilizer and an additional warm "coat" for wintering bulbs.

About the regularity of feeding seedlings

Before thinking about how to feed pepper and tomato seedlings at home, you need to decide on the timing of this important event. It is no secret that many gardeners begin to think about feeding only when the seedlings are growing poorly.

But the supply of nutrients to the plant is needed throughout the growing season for the growth of seedlings, for their optimal development. Weak seedlings, lagging behind in development, will not bring the expected yield. Therefore, you need to take care of the nutrition of your seedlings even at the stage of drawing up the soil mixture, enriching it with both organic matter, for example, vermicompost, and minerals, the same wood ash.

If we talk directly about the timing of when to start feeding the seedlings, then this is 5-7 days after germination. Why is this moment important? It was at this time that the energy that the seedlings received directly from the seed ends, in fact - this is the beginning of an independent vegetation, as if the child was taken away from the mother's breast.

In the future, top dressing should be carried out once a week, alternating root, watering, and foliar, spraying, feeding. Moreover, these terms must be observed both before the picking of the seedlings, and after it.

I suggest watching a useful video about folk remedies for feeding seedlings. I really liked it, I immediately applied one feeding method and took note of a couple of other tips.

Top dressing tricks to achieve specific goals

To make the tomatoes plump, it is recommended to feed them nitrogen or nitrogen-calcium fertilizers two weeks after planting seedlings in open ground or a greenhouse, or when 2-3 true leaves appear after sowing to a permanent place. For example, you can fertilize with the following preparations: urea (carbamide), ammonium nitrate, calcium nitrate, herbal infusion, chicken manure infusion, mullein.

To make the plants more strong, sturdy, for better growth and development, it is recommended to feed the tomatoes yeast... It is better to do this one or two weeks after planting in the soil. Ordinary baker's yeast will do. To prepare the infusion, you need to follow a simple recipe: dilute 100 grams of dry product in 10 liters of warm water, add 2 tablespoons of sugar, mix well, leave for 2 weeks in a warm place, stirring regularly. Then, before use, the yeast fertilizer should be diluted 1 to 5.

To have more ovaries, it is recommended to fertilize tomatoes during flowering boron (for example, boric acid in powder form (5 g per bucket of water), Boroplus, Borofosk). It is best to do foliar top dressing (i.e. spraying), but you can also water it at the root.

To prevent top rot, it is recommended to fertilize the plants calcium preparations (you can make both root and foliar feeding). For example, you can use calcium nitrate, and it is better to feed the tomatoes before flowering or after fruit setting.

So that the tomato harvest ripens faster, it is recommended to make potash fertilizers... For example, infusion of wood ash, potassium nitrate, potassium magnesium, potassium monophosphate.

To properly care for any vegetable crop in the country or a plot of a private house, you need to put in a lot of effort. But it is also important to know the nuances, features, and necessary procedures. If everything is done correctly throughout the season (including adding nutrients), then you can get a rich, tasty and good harvest!

Watch the video: 9 Herbs You Can Grow In Water Over And Over Again For Endless Supply

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