On personal plots, there are not only useful plants. Not everyone knows that the species that grow in flower beds can be dangerous.
This very beautiful flower, which is often found in summer cottages, contains the glycoside protoanemonin. This substance irritates the skin, causes sneezing, watery eyes, and allergies. It is toxic to humans and animals alike, and can cause such reactions to rubbing leaves and flowers in your hands. And if any part of the vine gets into the stomach, it will cause internal bleeding.
The cardiac glycoside in lily of the valley is very dangerous. It can provoke arrhythmia of the heart, up to its arrest. All parts of the plant contain poison, but it is especially concentrated in the red berries of lily of the valley. They look attractive, and so they ask them to try. If ingested, even in small quantities, the toxin causes vomiting, decreased heart rate, pain in the abdomen and head, hallucinations. Even the water in which the flowers stood contains poisonous substances. If you do not provide assistance in time, in case of severe poisoning, a person may fall into a coma and even die.
This beautiful first spring flower, it turns out, also has a poisonous sap. It is especially concentrated in bulbs. If you eat even one piece, then it can threaten with nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, impaired kidney function, changes in blood clotting. Even rodents bypass this flower and do not gnaw its bulbs. The plant is used in medicine.
It looks like a beautiful plant with delicate flowers that perfectly decorate the flower bed. But you need to remember that its bulbs contain a dangerous substance - the alkaloid colchicine. There is no antidote for it. The toxin is especially actively secreted in the spring. If the juice of the bulbs gets on the skin, it causes burns, especially in the sun. Getting it inside is dangerous due to a decrease in pressure and cardiac arrest.
You can see these beautiful yellow-white flowers in almost every country house. Together with tulips, they are the messengers of spring. It turns out that daffodils are also poisonous to humans. The substance they contain, the alkaloid lycorin, acts on the brain, causing vomiting and headaches. If suddenly a large amount, such as an onion, enters the stomach, loss of consciousness, convulsions, paralysis and death are possible.
Like many bulbous plants, the main danger of hyacinth lies in its bulbs. Eating them is strictly prohibited due to the presence of oxalic acid, which threatens digestive system disorders. In people with delicate skin, contact with hyacinth juice can provoke dermatitis.
This unpretentious plant is one of the first to bloom in the spring. But, despite its beauty, it is poisonous. Eating its small bulbs can cause impaired kidney function, changes in blood clotting. Severe intoxication of the body is accompanied by vomiting, dry mouth and laryngeal edema.
This delicate flower is one of the most poisonous in the world. The colchicine it contains can only be used in a certain dosage for medicinal purposes. It has no antidote, so you must be extremely careful when handling this flower. Poisoning with crocus bulbs leads to a drop in blood pressure and cardiac muscle arrest.
This plant is easy to recognize from afar: tall, large umbrella-shaped inflorescences, thick stem and huge spreading leaves. There are many species of hogweed in the world - about 70. The danger is not only the juice, but also the pollen of the plant, and its smell, and even dew. Touching it causes burns that do not heal for a long time, and after healing they leave scars and scars. Hogweed juice or pollen, getting into the eye, can cause blindness. It is also dangerous to inhale plant sap or pollen. This causes such severe intoxication of the respiratory system that it can lead to edema, suffocation and death.
The sap of these small yellow flowers is very pungent. No wonder they are also called "night blindness". If it gets into the eyes, the juice corrodes them and causes severe irritation. It also acts on the skin. If the flower is eaten, then you can get severe gastrointestinal poisoning and problems with the nervous system. Animals that have consumed buttercup may even die of intoxication. Staying in the country is always associated not only with work, but also with rest. To avoid trouble, you need to be especially careful about the plants on the site.
Landscaping garden paths or creating low hedges requires careful plant selection. Not all ornamental shrubs are suitable for this purpose. The advantage should be given to low-growing crops that do not require special care, tolerate formative pruning and temperature extremes well.
This cunning plant is capable of doing what only supervillains tend to do in Hollywood films - it can command flocks of insects. The beef acacia provides shelter and food in the form of nectar for ants in exchange for their protection, but the ants become addicted. The enzyme contained in the nectar alters the physiology of ants so that they are unable to digest any other type of sugar.
This essentially makes the insects chemically dependent on the sugar produced by the acacia, which they will only get if they protect the plant. The plant produces a certain chemical that, at its command, causes massive psychosis in insects. Therefore, when an animal, such as a giraffe, tries to eat the plant, the acacia releases its chemical, after which its biting army grabs the intruder's face.
Why don't ants destroy the plant, because they eat leaves and scare away beneficial insects? The answer is that the plant has the aforementioned ability to control the consciousness of insects. When it needs it, the acacia can produce various chemicals that attract the bees needed for pollination and completely repel the ants, which allows its flowers to grow calmly. After pollination is complete, the acacia removes the chemical lock from the door and invites the addict ants back to their horror houses.
Although the gimpy gimpy is named after the character from The Legend of Zelda, it is just a poisonous tree from Australia. Try to imagine a bush made of syringes filled with acid, and you will have a more or less clear idea of it. It looks more like a shrub than a tree. Its foliage is covered with tiny hairs that, upon contact with human skin, stick their stings into it.
Their wounds remain extremely painful for several months, and sometimes, if you are unlucky, even more than a year. One scientist (who wore welding gloves when he was stung) likened the sensation to "being burned with caustic acid and electrocuted at the same time." But this is not only the most painful tree known to man, it also has a different kind of glory.
There are many legends about jimpi-jimpi - for example, horses stung by him are thrown off a cliff in pain. There is even a story about a WWII officer who committed suicide after mistakenly using the leaves of a tree as toilet paper. The story seems funny at first, but the longer we think about it, the more scary it seems. Don't repeat his mistake.
The Mancinella tree is a masterpiece of vegetable sadism, combining death and efficiency. It seems that every part of the tree was created after the meeting of Mother Nature with Satan. In the Guinness Book of Records, the tree is officially named "the most dangerous tree." The slightest contact with the sap of the manchineel tree causes the victim to blister, and eye contact can cause blindness.
And that's just the juice. Its tiny, apple-like fruits look tasty, but can cause painful, excruciating swelling of the mouth, swollen lymph nodes, throat bleeding, breathing problems, and even death.
In addition, it is enough to stand under a tree during the rain to blister the victim. And if you try to set it on fire, the tree will start emitting toxic smoke that causes blindness. Not surprisingly, some Indian tribes are rumored to have used tying people to this tree as a form of torture.
There is even a legend that Ponce de Leon, while searching for the Fountain of Youth, by the way I talked about it earlier, was killed by an arrow poisoned with the sap of a mancinella tree. Obviously, this plant is not one of those to whom a person can say, “You go. ”, Even if it literally grew in the shape of a giant hand with a protruding middle finger.
A native of South America, Chilean puja is a plant that grows up to 3 meters tall and feeds on animal flesh. You probably thought that the puja is a large Venus flytrap that sometimes eats a mouse or someone else, right? Not! Puia is a real-life version of the carnivorous monster from the Horror Shop game, only it is much worse because, unlike Audrey II, it actually grows in Chile.
Plants have dense leaves with hooked spines, which are known to trap small animals such as birds or rodents. If animals get entangled in this organic barbed wire, then they cannot get out of it.
The captive animal remains near the roots of the plant, slowly dying from thirst and hunger, until, finally, it dies and begins to decompose. Then the puya begins to absorb all the nutrients that seep into the ground. There are even stories that the puya catches sheep, whose wool is easily entangled in the spiky thorns of the plant.
It is not known whether this is true or not, there is no real confirmation (at least no one has ever taken such photos), but it sounds plausible enough for a bunch of idiots from the Royal Society of Gardeners to try to breed Chilean Puja in English greenhouses. While animal rights advocates can relax, the plant is fed liquid fertilizers to appease its predatory appetite. for a while.
One of the main disadvantages of any harmful plant is that they are tied to the ground and cannot chase after you. When people feel that things are bad, they still have the opportunity to use a pair of legs to get away. It helps us stay alive.
This is what will help us win the war between man and plants. unless the latter send a mobile horsetail brigade in pursuit of us. This is why you should be scared right now: Horsetails ("Equisetum plants") reproduce using tiny spores that have legs (more precisely, spring elaters, mechanically speaking).
By contracting and unclenching as the humidity level changes, they are able to move on the ground. Yes, these spores can jump. Nobody knows why (probably to kill us), but one explanation is that they do it to get caught in the wind and move to other, more fertile areas. By "fertile areas" we mean our brains (probably).
But this is not the only explanation, it is just one of the many most incredible assumptions.
And this is the worst thing about these microscopic devils: no one knows why they have legs, how they learned to jump and walk, and for what purposes these legs really serve. We don't know anything. We will learn about this in the future, when all that remains is scorched earth and horsetails growing from human skeletons. But then it will be too late.
Source: http: //www.cracked.com/article_23158_the-spiky-fern-that-eats-sheep-5-evil-plants.html
Video: Horrible plants, real evil
The danger posed by poisonous plantsare often simply underestimated. Do not take unfamiliar plants in your hands, and even more so in your mouth, because this can be dangerous to your health. Below we will talk about common poisonous plants that must be remembered and, in the literal sense, avoided.
Poisonous plants include spotted hemlock (Сonium maculatum). This plant is one of the most poisonous among the umbrella. The habitat of this plant: housing areas, river banks. The seeds of this plant can also get into the summer cottage, as well as into the garden or vegetable garden.
A characteristic feature of this poisonous plant is a bare, shiny trunk, which is covered with a waxy coating. Its poisonous properties have been known since ancient times. In Greece, the poison of this plant was part of the composition that was used during the execution of criminals.
Helen (Hyoscyamus niger) also belongs to poisonous plants, poisoning with which is very dangerous. This plant has an unpleasant odor and can be found on wastelands, on roadsides.
Bolls at the top of the stem are a characteristic feature of henbane. Poisoning with bleached is accompanied by inadequate human behavior, hence the expression "henbane ate overeat".
Omezhnik water (Oenante aquatica) or arm-warp is also included in the group of poisonous plants. It grows in the dry sections of rivers and lakes. Its thick trunk resembling a baobab is surrounded by support roots in the form of cords.
On the branches of this poisonous plant, dissected feathery leaves stick out in different directions. Umbrellas of white flowers grow to the side from the bases of the leaves. Omelet water contains a strong convulsive poison.
Poisonous plants include the berries of such a cute plant as the lily of the valley (Convallaria majalis). If ingested in small quantities, they lead to a violation of the heart rhythm, and in large quantities, severe poisoning and cardiac arrest occur.
Lily of the valley fruits can be easily distinguished from other berries. Lily of the valley berries are bright orange in color, and they either stand in the grass on thin stems without leaves, or yellowed leaves remain with the berries.
The next large group of dangerous poisonous plants that have mouth-watering fruits. These include the attractive wolf bast (Daphna misereum), or daphne. Its thin twigs are covered entirely with bright lilac-pink flowers, similar to lilacs.
After the end of flowering, in place of flowers, oblong densely sitting fruits appear, very similar to sea buckthorn. If these fruits or their juice enter the gastrointestinal tract, ulcers appear. In this plant, flowering branches are also dangerous, which on the breaks release a very caustic sap that causes burns.
Marsh rosemary (Ledum palustre) is another dangerous plant from the group of poisonous plants. This small shrub grows in central Russia, is found in swamps and damp places.
The plant is evergreen with fragrant umbrellas of white flowers and narrow leaves. This plant is dangerous, since its leaves release essential oils into the air, which contain poisonous substances with narcotic effects.
The berries collected near the rosemary should not be eaten unwashed. The honey collected by the bees from this dangerous plant will also be poisonous. It is better to avoid thickets of these poisonous plants, especially in hot weather.
In case of poisoning with poisonous plants, you need to see a doctor as soon as possible. Before the arrival of doctors, you need to rinse the stomach and take activated charcoal. You also need to save poisonous plants, from which the poisoning occurred, in order to accurately determine the source of the disease.
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Among herbaceous perennials, there are also poisonous plants that require careful handling. Among them there are well-known ornamental garden plants, as well as weeds that accidentally fell on the site.
Aconite, or nape wrestler, and a. pyramidal - typical garden perennials 50-150 cm high, form a rhizome or tuber, have carved leaves, a tall peduncle with white, pinkish, white-violet and blue-violet, helmet-shaped flowers. Blooms in the second half of summer. All parts of the plant are highly poisonous.
Bulbs and leaves are considered poisonous. daffodils, which in spring are very similar to perennial bows. The same applies to the crocus bulbs - plants in which leaves are formed in the spring that die off in summer, and in the fall white or lilac-pink flowers appear directly from the ground. After working with these plants, be sure to wash your hands.
Very popular in gardens lily of the valley, more precisely, its garden forms with large white or pink flowers that have a strong pleasant aroma. There is a double form and a variety with yellow-green leaves. After flowering, round orange berries are sometimes tied. Lily of the valley is widely used in medicine as a medicinal plant, but care should be taken when working with it in the garden - all parts of the plant are poisonous.
Dope from the family of nightshades - a spectacular large plant, forming a sprawling bush up to a meter in height, cultivated as an annual in the middle lane. It has large, unbroken bluish leaves and very beautiful drooping or upward large flowers of white, yellow, pink or purple color, which are simple and double, up to 20 cm long. The plant is poisonous.
Nightshade, or solanum, also found in our gardens. Black nightshade is a garden weed that forms black sweetish round berries that cause poisoning. Bittersweet nightshade is an ornamental liana blooming with lilac flowers, similar to potato or eggplant flowers. Berries are also decorative, first red, then dark blue, which should not be eaten.
A certain danger is hogweed (heracleum) is a tall perennial (up to 3 m) of the umbrella family, with spreading leaves. This plant becomes a scourge of the middle lane due to its rapid spread, it can accidentally be introduced into the garden. The whole plant is covered with stinging hairs that cause quite strong burns that do not heal for a long time. Care should be taken when working with it.
Foxglove purple refers to biennial plants, that is, in the first year it develops a rosette of leaves, and the next - a high peduncle (up to 1.5 meters) with irregularly shaped bells of white, pink, purple color, forms many small seeds. Refers to medicinal plants (digitoxin is obtained from it), leaves and flowers are poisonous.
Castor oil plant - a perennial plant in the south, we grow it as an annual. Develops a powerful shrub up to 3 m tall, with beautiful and shiny maple-like leaves of green-purple color. The plant is poisonous, especially the fruit.
"Fabulous killers" are ordinary flowers, though beautiful. Many are fond of traditional medicine, and know that a medicine is made from plants. But what in small doses is a medicine, in large doses it is poison.
All organs of the flower are very poisonous. There are especially many alkaloids in the fruits and root system. Their concentration depends not only on the type of plant. Even the place where the flower grew and the season matter. The poison that is contained in the dolphinum is similar in type to the poison of the aconites. Scientists attribute these substances to the same type, since their mechanism of action is the same. Larkspur, thanks to alkaids, has a complex negative effect.
The work of the digestive system is disrupted, the heart and other circulatory organs suffer, and the central nerves are paralyzed. With strong concentration, breathing stops, as paralysis occurs due to damage to the nervous system. And since other organs also suffer, the outcome is fatal.
A very beautiful flower. He just asks for a wedding dress. Delicate, snow-white umbrellas on a red stalk. And it smells nice, like dried fruit. It tastes sweet. It would seem not a plant, but a treasure. In fact, it is a terrible poison. In 15 minutes after penetration, the poisonous substances begin to work. Symptoms are unbearable abdominal pain, severe salivation, diarrhea, and nausea before vomiting. After - convulsions. If measures are not taken, then the heart and respiratory organs stop working, and then death.
Most scientists are inclined to think that speckled hemlock was the executioner of the philosopher Socrates. This plant in Greece grew everywhere, and the symptoms that occur with hemlock poisoning are very similar to what Socrates felt before his death. Once in the stomach of a person, the juice (or decoction) of hemlock causes nausea, often vomiting and diarrhea. There is a loss of sensation and gradual paralysis starting in the legs. Then there is a cessation of breathing, leading to death.
It only takes a hemlock two hours to deal with its victim. It was not for nothing that he performed the role of the official executioner in Ancient Greece.
Foxglove is the queen of the flower bed and ... detective novels. Perhaps most often the name of this plant flashes in the works of the most widely read author of detective stories - Agatha Christie. In her story "Dead Grass," the foxglove caused the death of a young girl and the discomfort of other characters. Plucked together with sage, this plant was mixed with onions, and the resulting mixture was stuffed with duck.
Belladonna, or sleepy stupor, has been known to the medical world for about 1500 BC. The Venetians called this plant "herba bella donna" because the ladies consumed it in distilled water as a cosmetic. The plant, especially the leaves, contains the well-known atropine, as well as asparagine, then lime and other alkaline substances. The root also contains atropine, albeit in varying proportions. Belladonna is highly toxic to humans, although herbivores eat it with impunity.
This tall plant, adorned with tassels of dark blue flowers, resembles royalty in its majesty. However, due to its toxicity, aconite can also be considered the king of plants. The ancient Germans, comparing its flowers to the helmet of Thor, soaked weapons in aconite juice before going hunting or fighting an enemy.
The plant contains a deadly poison - aconitine. All parts of the plant are poisonous, especially the tubers, which are often mistaken for celery.
This flower is an ideal candidate for decorating any suburban area. But every barrel of honey has its own fly in the ointment. Unfortunately, the crocus is extremely poisonous. Moreover, all parts of the plant, both external and underground, are poisonous. Therefore, you should even take a flower in your hands with mittens - without them you can get burns.
The whole plant is poisonous, but more often they are poisoned by seeds, which (like all other parts of the plant) contain potent alkaloids - hyoscyamine, scopolamine and atropine. In case of poisoning, first there is dryness in the mouth, redness of the skin, then a rash, thirst, nausea and vomiting, heart failure, convulsions and, finally, a mental disorder. Symptoms appear very quickly: from 10 minutes. up to 15 hours. At the first sign of poisoning, you must call a doctor.
The lumbago herb in a raw, freshly cut form is poison, and in dried form, it is a medicine. This property is due to the content in the shot of a toxin called protoanemonin. In the process of drying, the toxin is destroyed, and the toxic properties disappear. Fresh, not dried plants cannot be used for ingestion, this can lead to severe poisoning and even death. And its juice, if it gets on the skin, can cause severe burns.
Many summer residents want to decorate their plots with decorative conifers. This always creates coziness on the territory. Just be careful when buying Tamariscifolia juniper, unlike its thorny counterparts, it is poisonous. Having tasted the berry, you can get serious poisoning, but this is not all the trouble. When planting or processing a plant, it is difficult not to hurt yourself on the needle branches. After such close contact, especially if you have not prudently put on gloves, irritation appears on your hands, caused by the ingress of poisonous juice into the wound.
An unpretentious and beautiful flower. In a shady area, it will delight you with the most varied shades of its colors. And he knows how to protect his beauty. Should someone, out of ignorance or out of curiosity, taste any part and the sad consequences will not be long in coming. The first symptoms will be salivation and tearing, then all this will turn into vomiting, a slowdown in the pulse and a drop in blood pressure. If the dose of poison received by the body is large, then convulsions, coma and death are possible.
This beautiful flower, which so often can be seen in park flower beds and flower beds, just wants to be planted in your summer cottage or garden plot. And if you are seduced by its beauty and allow it to grow near your home, then add a potential killer near you, who will be near you from early summer to late autumn. The plant is dangerous from the roots to the tips of the leaves, but the most dangerous part is the bud. The consequences of ingestion of even a piece of this plant will be the same as with the use of potassium cyanide! Choking, loss of consciousness, convulsions, rapid pulse, drop in blood pressure and even death - that's the price of careless handling of this cute flower. So try to isolate yourself and your loved ones from potential danger.
Delicate flower, a symbol of the coming spring. Well, how not to buy a bouquet home to enjoy the first sunny and warm days, looking at the beautiful flowers! When bringing such a bunch to the house, be aware that even without eating parts of this flower, you can harm your health. Just being around you can feel a headache. Allergy manifestations are possible. But if you taste it, the consequences will be much larger: nausea and vomiting, convulsions and loss of consciousness, paralysis and death. So, even just holding them in your hands, make sure that the juice does not get on open wounds, it is best to protect yourself with gloves.
Decorating your garden with this flower, remember, this flower is dangerous! Even one leaf is poisonous enough to kill a small child. And even if death does not occur, then grave consequences will remain forever, in the form of malfunctions of the heart and central nervous system.
Everyone knows that crop production is not complete without fertilizers. Moreover, both street vegetation and our favorite indoor flowers need them.
And many growers, instead of purchased chemical baits, make fertilizers themselves, on a natural basis.
There are a lot of such natural food for plants. One of them is a banana peel fertilizer.
Unfortunately, few people know how useful and nutritious the skin is, which is often just thrown into the trash.
For example, the peel of a banana makes up almost half of the weight of the fruit itself. Therefore, it is worth considering how much fertilizer can be prepared from a kilogram of this tropical fruit.
Benefits of banana peel
So what is good about a banana peel, let's take a closer look.
They contain huge amounts of potassium, calcium, magnesium and phosphorus.
There is also nitrogen, but its concentration is less. Trace elements completely replace purchased phosphorus and potash fertilizers. These elements stimulate the plant to grow normally, flourish and produce rich fruit.
Indoor flowers are especially in need of magnesium. Since they get much less sun than plants from the street. Therefore, banana peel bait improves their photosynthesis. The same thing happens with greenhouse plantings.
Vitamins, which the peel is rich in, increase the plant's resistance to infections and various pests.
Precautions for use
Before making fertilizer from banana peel, you need to know all the danger that it can deliver to the plant.
The very first thing is that when growing fruits, they are stuffed with various chemicals for early ripening. And all this chemistry is deposited in the outer shell of the banana. Therefore, it is safest to buy such fruit in large hypermarkets, where quality certificates are required from the supplier. There, most likely, there will be fewer of these chemicals.
Further, during transportation, bananas are treated with wax and other chemicals so that they are stored longer and do not deteriorate. This means that the skin must be properly washed with warm soapy water.
Before the very beginning of the fertilizer preparation procedure, all white fibers must be removed, they absorb most of all all the muck.
Making fertilizer from banana peel
There are four ways to prepare top dressing:
Now you need to analyze in detail each of the methods.
Banana Peel Dry Powder
Before drying, you need to select only those peels that are yellow or green, without any spots or damage. Otherwise, fungal spores or putrefactive bacteria can enter the top dressing.
To prepare the powder, you need to take the already washed and peeled skin, cut it into small pieces so that it dries faster. Then take a newspaper or any paper and lay it out in a bright and warm place. You can use a radiator or the sunniest windowsill.
Spread the peel out on paper, in an even thin layer. Moreover, it is very important that its inner side should be turned to the top. You can shorten the drying time and dry it in the oven by placing it on a baking sheet covered with foil.
After the skin is completely dry, and this can be determined by its dark brown color and fragile structure, you need to grind it to a powdery state. The most common coffee grinder will help to do this.
For storage, the powder is placed in a glass, well-sealed container and placed in a dry, dark place.
Banana powder can be used to make a decoction. You need to take half a liter of boiled water cooled to 60 degrees and pour a tablespoon of powder into it.
Fresh skins from three bananas are chopped, poured with one liter of boiling water, tightly closed with a lid and insisted for five hours, then filtered. For watering an indoor flower, you need no more than 50 milliliters of broth. If you need to fertilize plantings in the beds, then from a proportion of 200 gr. one bush.
You can also make such a nutritious infusion - fresh, banana peel is finely chopped and placed in a three-liter jar. Skins of three to four fruits will be enough.
Top up the jar with warm water and leave to infuse for a couple of days. Then, such a liquid is diluted with water, in a one-to-one ratio.
Digging in fresh skins into the ground
Fertilizer with fresh peel is done almost a month before planting, plant transplantation. The skins are dropped into a pot or garden bed and left to rot.
To speed up the decay process, it is permissible to add organic fertilizers such as mullein or bird droppings. With this nourishment, the plant will increase in growth and foliage.
To prepare compost, you need a large amount of banana skins and a special liquid "Baikal".
The peel is crushed and mixed with the soil. Then everything is placed in a large container and filled with the purchased liquid. Leave everything for one month to completely decompose the skins. After the expiration of time, repeat the procedure.
Some experienced flower growers and gardeners practice and place earthworms in a compost container. They are known to additionally fertilize the soil and saturate it with oxygen. The fertilizer is completely ready for use in two months. This banana compost is used to feed bulbous plants.
There are situations when there is no time or you do not want to spend time on fertilizer preparation. Then the growers advise to simply freeze the banana peel, having previously decomposed it into portioned bags, and use it as needed. Plus, this top dressing contains more nutritional value than oven dried food.
Correct application of banana fertilizer