Photo of broom broom


Photos of indoor plants Published: June 14, 2012 Reprinted: Last edits:

Briefly about leaving

The lighting is bright, without direct sunlight. In the period March-August - high temperature (20-24 degrees), in winter the temperature is significantly lowered - about 10 degrees. The broom is often watered, after the soil dries up, from spring to autumn, in winter it is watered carefully so as not to flood the plant. The broom must be sprayed and the air humidity high.

From March to September, it is necessary to regularly fertilize - 2 times a month. Pruning is carried out to shape the broom and after flowering. The broom is propagated by cuttings, layering and seeds. Transplanted after flowering if the pot becomes cramped.

Read more about broom care

Photos of popular species

Broom of Madeiran and Monpellian, racemose or spachianus.

In the photo: Cytisus racemosus / broom broom

In the photo: Cytisus racemosus / broom broom

In the photo: Cytisus racemosus / broom broom

In the photo: Cytisus racemosus / broom broom

In the photo: Cytisus racemosus / broom broom

In the photo: Cytisus racemosus / broom broom

In the photo: Cytisus racemosus / broom broom

In the photo: Cytisus racemosus / broom broom

In the photo: Cytisus racemosus / broom broom

Literature

  1. Read the topic on Wikipedia
  2. Features and other plants of the Legumes family
  3. List of all species on The Plant List
  4. More information on World Flora Online
  5. Indoor Plants Information

Sections: Houseplants Plants on R Photos of plants Legumes (Moths)


Broom is a fantastic shrub with vertically flowering branches

  1. Where is broom used
  2. Broom care
  3. Watering the broom
  4. Lighting
  5. Weeding and mulch
  6. Pruning broom
  7. When to prune broom
  8. How to prune a broom
  9. Reproduction
  10. Application in traditional medicine
  11. Toxicity

Broom (Cytisus) is a genus of shrubs or small trees of the legume family (Fabaceae). There are more than 30 species of Cytisus, or broom plants, in Europe, Asia and America, of which there are 17 species in Ukraine, the most common species is the Russian broom.


Growing

Caring for Broom is quite simple and easy. The plant prefers regular watering, periodic spraying on especially hot and dry days and rare, once every one to two weeks, feeding with full complex fertilizer. It is important not to get carried away here. Excessive feeding will lead to the growth of greenery to the detriment of flowering. In winter, Broom is fertilized once a month.

Abundant flowering in spring or summer for more than a month makes it a decoration of the living room or balcony. Ease of care, various colors of flowers, delicate aroma make it a favorite of flower growers.

The broom grows rapidly throughout the growing season (from spring to autumn) and its growth must be restrained by regular pruning. They start it after the end of flowering. Branches are heavily pruned for better branching and new buds. Pruned semi-lignified shoots are used for rooting.

It is better to propagate the broom by cuttings or layering, since when propagated by seeds, flowering occurs only in the fourth year.

Broom is an ideal houseplant. Prefers plenty of sunlight. The more it is, the more abundant the flowering will be. The temperature in summer is + 18–25 ° С, in winter the plant needs a dormant period with a reduction in watering and a decrease in temperature to + 10–15 ° С.


Broom breeding rules

Both seed and vegetative propagation methods are applicable. The latter includes rooting cuttings or layering.

Propagation of broom with seeds. This is a rather effective method, even without human intervention, you can see young shoots near the plant, which appeared through self-seeding. When the pods are fully ripe (become darker and brittle), then the seeds are removed from them for propagation. With the arrival of spring, the seeds are subject to soaking and warm water for a couple of days. After that, they can be placed in a container filled with sand and peat soil.

Prepared seeds are covered by about 0.5-1 cm into the ground, the distance between them must be kept about 4-6 cm. It is recommended to put the pot in a local place, where the heat indicators will be in the range of 18-21 degrees. Crop care consists in periodically moistening the soil so that it does not dry out. When the seedlings that have appeared grow up a little and a pair of real leaves unfold on them, then it is worth diving in separate pots, using the same soil mixture. It is better to immediately use pressed peat pots with a diameter of about 7 cm for transplanting.

In order to get lush bushes in the future, it is necessary to periodically pinch the shoots. When June comes, a new transplant is performed, in pots with a large diameter. Only when the seedlings reach the age of 3 can be transplanted to a prepared place in the open field. Since the root system reacts painfully to transplantation, with this manipulation it is important to leave the earthen ball without destruction.

Propagation of broom by cuttings. The best time for this procedure will be summer, when the flowering process is complete. It is recommended to cut blanks from semi-lignified shoots so that they have 2-3 healthy leaves. In this case, the leaf plates are shortened in half so that abundant evaporation of moisture does not occur from them. The cuttings are planted in a peat-sand composition, the container is placed in a place where the temperature will be maintained in the range of 18-21 degrees. Lighting should be bright, but diffuse. To preserve the necessary moisture, the cuttings are covered with a plastic bottle with a cut bottom. After 1–1.5 months, the cuttings take root successfully and then the shelter can be removed. Until a new spring comes, these seedlings are to be grown indoors.

Reproduction of broom by layering. For this, an adult specimen is suitable, on which healthy branches growing nearby the soil are selected. Such shoots are bent to the soil, and there they are carefully fixed, and then sprinkled with a layer of substrate, leaving the top on the surface. Layering care is carried out in the same way as for the mother plant. When the next spring comes, the layers will root well and can be separated from the parent bush and transplanted.


Planting and caring for broom Boskop Ruby

It is possible to plant in open ground a broom that has reached 2 years of age. By this time, a young plant will be 50-60 cm in height and have a developed root system, which is a guarantee of faster survival in a new place.

Recommended timing

The best time to plant the Boskop Ruby broom is in spring (April - early May). This must be done before the flower buds are fully awake. Some gardeners practice planting broom in the ground at the end of autumn, however, this is only suitable for grown bushes that are able to withstand severe frosts.

Site selection and soil preparation

When choosing a place for planting the Boskop Ruby broom, it is important that the site meets the following criteria:

  • protected from strong gusts of wind and constant drafts
  • well lit by the rays of the sun throughout most of the daylight hours
  • be spacious enough
  • groundwater should not be too close to the surface.

It is important to approach the choice of a place with all responsibility, since the broom responds poorly to transplantation.

The area set aside for planting must be loosened and rid of weeds. It is important to pay attention to the composition of the soil:

  • in heavy loamy or clayey soils, you need to add river sand for greater air permeability
  • despite the fact that an adult plant does well in poor lands, for young seedlings, insufficiently nutritious soil must be enriched with organic fertilizers (compost, humus)
  • in overly acidified formulations, you should definitely add a little lime. The most suitable pH for the broom should be between 6.5 and 7.0.

Before planting seedlings, it is recommended to apply mineral fertilizers to the selected garden plot. It is also important to take care of the soil mixture in advance to fill the planting pit:

  • sand - 2 tsp
  • sod land - 1 tsp.
  • humus -1 tsp.

Planting is recommended in the evening or on a cloudy day to bring as little stress to the plant as possible.

Landing algorithm

Boskop Ruby broom seedlings should be planted at a distance of at least 40-50 cm from each other so that they do not deform and do not compete for free space. The algorithm is simple:

  1. Dig a planting hole 40 cm deep and 20 cm wide.
  2. Lay large pebbles or broken brick at the bottom of the pit, which will act as drainage, a layer of at least 7 cm.
  3. Place the seedling in the center so that the root collar is flush with the ground, and cover with the prepared mixture, gently compact.
  4. Water the Boskop Ruby broom sapling liberally and mulch the soil around it to conserve moisture and prevent varietal germination.

Watering and feeding schedule

Watering young broom bushes Boskop Ruby is necessary only in a hot season, since they tolerate drought well and do not react well to excess moisture. Adult specimens usually do not require additional watering.

The broom is fed in the spring-summer period with a frequency of once every two weeks:

  • in spring - with nitrogenous fertilizers, for example, urea
  • in summer - calcium and phosphorus-containing complexes.

In addition, in order to stimulate the growth of the bush, it is recommended to add wood ash to the soil.

Pruning

As a rule, Ruby Boskop does not need formative pruning of the broom. The spring haircut is carried out only for sanitary purposes, removing the shoots that have died out in winter.

The next procedure is carried out immediately after the end of flowering in order to stimulate the formation of new shoots. At the same time, only the tops of the stems of the Boskop Ruby broom are cut off until the first strong branching, trying not to damage the lignified part.

Preparing for winter

In regions with severe winters, accompanied by a temperature drop of more than -23 degrees, the Boskop Ruby broom requires a mandatory shelter for the winter. At the same time, not only the branches are insulated, they also take care of the underground organs of the plant. To do this, the root collar is spud with peat, sawdust or dry soil.

The branches are neatly pulled to the center and bent to the ground, after which they are fastened with special brackets. Low-growing plants are covered with spruce branches or covered with a layer of fallen leaves, taller brooms of the Boskop Ruby variety are wrapped in non-woven material.

All plants up to three years old need this procedure, later the Boskop Ruby broom shows good winter hardiness, and the bushes should be insulated only in regions with severe and long winters.


Diseases and pests of broom

Of the diseases and pests that can cause serious damage to the broom, it is worth highlighting the broom moth. They begin to fight it immediately upon detection on foliage using chlorophos (0.2%). Treatment with organophosphate or bacterial insecticides (you can mix them) will help against the broom moth. Powdery mildew and black spot are eliminated by treating dormant buds with 5% copper sulfate, and foundation in the summer.

Broom is used alone or in groups in rocky gardens, in front of dark conifers, on slopes, in containers. All parts of the plant contain toxic substances, therefore, the rakintik should not be planted near bodies of water in which there are fish.


Robinia varieties

Among the most popular types of robinia in landscape design are:

  • Common (Robinia pseudoacacia L.) is a deciduous tree, whose height reaches thirty meters. Has a wide, openwork crown. During the flowering period, the tree is decorated with large drooping flower brushes (about 20 cm long) strewn with fragrant snow-white, pale pink flowers. The plant is resistant to slight frosts, but with large prolonged frosts, the root system dies.
  • Sticky (Robinia viscosa) - undersized tree, maximum height 12 m. Differs in the rounded shape of a lush crown, consisting of bright green foliage. The branches have small, sharp thorns. A characteristic feature of the species is the presence of small sticky hairs covering leaf petioles and inflorescences. Flower clusters are erect, consist of large pink-purple buds. It blooms profusely, has a faint, almost imperceptible aroma. Pseudoacacia light-loving, does not tolerate shading.
  • Elliot (Robinia elliottii) is a drought-resistant shrub. Differs in a spreading, low shape. It blooms in May-June with pink, lilac flowers. It emits a pleasant aroma and is an excellent honey plant.
  • Bristly-haired (Robinia hispida) - bush up to three meters high. Shoots are covered with long, straight red bristles. The branches grow without thorns. Leaves grow up to 23 cm long, dark green in color. Inflorescences are purple-pink. Belongs to long-flowered flowers, blooms with short interruptions all summer. It tolerates low temperatures well.
  • Lush (Robinia luxurians) - tree, relatively short - up to ten meters. The bark is covered with small cracks, visually resembling scales. Shoots have sharp, long thorns. The leaves grow up to 20 cm. Flowers with creamy pink petals are collected in lush inflorescences.

Cultivation of culture

The plant prefers well-lit areas, it also feels comfortable in a semi-shaded space, hidden from direct sunlight. For intensive development, a neutral, slightly acidic soil, well-drained, breathable, is preferable. With overly compacted soil, the root system does not develop well. Moderate watering is preferred. Excessive moisture, stagnation of water in the soil, which leads to damage to the root system, should be avoided. Certain types of robinia tolerate winter frosts well, easily recover after light freezing.

Planting and leaving

A fairly unpretentious plant, the care of which consists in regular moderate watering, annual health improvement, decorative pruning of shoots, fertilizing with mineral fertilizers.

The most common type of reproduction is planting seeds. They are planted in the spring, when the threat of frost has passed, the earth is warmed up enough for intensive emergence of seed material. In order to increase the percentage of germination, the prepared seeds are scalded with boiling water, and immediately poured with cold water. In a humid environment, they are kept for half a day. The prepared material is planted in moist soil. The distance between the landing is twenty centimeters.

Observing the temperature regime (20-25 ° C), one can expect rapid seed growth. The soil with seedlings should be watered regularly, weeds should be weeded. Young shoots should be transplanted to a permanent habitat when they reach a height of 50 cm.

False acacia is also propagated by root shoots, which, if planting rules are followed, root well.


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