What is remarkable about the pickled cucumber variety

Pickles have long been famous as one of the most popular snacks. But you need to know that there are special varieties for salting. One of them is Pickled cucumber. It also has many other benefits that have made it popular on farms and private households.

The history of growing cucumber Pickling

The variety was obtained at the Volgograd Experimental Station. N.I. Vavilov. In 1999, he was transferred to the state test of varietal qualities, he took his place in the State Register in 2000. Cucumber is zoned in the Central Black Earth and Lower Volga regions, as it was bred in these climatic conditions and is well adapted to them. The variety is recommended for cultivation in open ground for the purpose of commercial production, but ordinary summer residents also willingly grow it. Salting is also popular in Ukraine.

You can find bags of seeds that say "Salting F1". This is a hybrid of Ukrainian selection for greenhouse cultivation.

Description and characteristics of the Zasolochny variety

The plant is indeterminate (with unlimited growth). The main stem is medium-sized and not very branched, the lateral lashes grow rather long. The type of flowering is mixed (there are male and female flowers on one plant). The variety is bee-pollinated, so cultivating it in a greenhouse is problematic.

In the Salted variety, ovaries are formed as a result of cross-pollination, which is provided by insects, transferring pollen from male flowers (barren flowers) to female (with ovaries)

Zelentsy (cucumber fruits with unripe seeds) are leveled, they have the following characteristics:

  • Weight - 100-125 grams.
  • Length - 11.2-11.4 cm.
  • Diameter - 3.8-3.9 cm.
  • The shape is elongated-cylindrical.
  • Green colour. The surface is covered with large shapeless spots and light stripes of medium length.
  • The skin is rather dense, with sparsely located large tubercles and black pubescence.

Black thorns on greens have pickling varieties. The pubescence imparts porosity to the dense skin and facilitates better penetration of the brine into the cucumbers, which makes them crispy.

The pulp with a cucumber aroma, dense, juicy, without voids, the seeds are small. The taste of fresh greens is excellent, without bitterness, pickles are tasty, crispy and perfectly stored. Information about the keeping quality of fresh cucumbers varies: some sources note that the fruits do not turn yellow for a long time even on the windowsill, according to other sources, the shelf life is short.

The Salting variety lives up to its name, it is excellent for salting

The variety is early maturing, 43–47 days after the emergence of full shoots, the plants begin to bear fruit and yield intensively within a month. Under unfavorable conditions (temperatures below 20 ° C and a lot of rainfall), fruiting can begin in 55-60 days. The marketability of products is 94–96%. In terms of yield, Salting is inferior to productive hybrids, its indicators (according to the State Register) are as follows:

  • In the Central Black Earth Region - 114-226 c / ha (1.2-2.3 kg / m2), at the level of the Voronezh standard.
  • In Nizhnevolzhsky - 236-286 c / ha (2.4-2.9 kg / m2), which complies with the Magnificent F1 standard.

Some sources have information about the productivity of 4-5 kg ​​/ m2 with good care.

Tolerance to downy mildew (downy mildew) is noted, that is, the plant gets sick, but at the same time yields a crop. Resistance to other diseases is not mentioned in the description.

Video about salted cucumber

Advantages and disadvantages

The variety has a number of advantages:

  • early maturity;
  • high marketability;
  • stable fruiting;
  • evenness and small size of zelents;
  • great taste of fresh cucumbers;
  • high salting qualities of fruits;
  • you can prepare your own seeds (since this is a variety, not a hybrid);
  • tolerance to downy mildew.

Salting also has disadvantages:

  • low productivity;
  • unsuitable for growing in greenhouses.

Landing nuances

Cucumber is cultivated in a seedling and non-seedling way. Direct sowing is carried out in late May, when the soil warms up to + 12-15 ° C. And it is also desirable that night temperatures do not fall below 10-12 ° C, if necessary, the beds are protected from night cold snaps with a film or argofibre. With such a sowing time, in the second decade of July it will be possible to pick the first cucumbers.

To accelerate fruiting, seedlings are preliminarily grown. It is planted in open ground at the age of 25-30 days. The characteristics of high-quality seedlings are as follows:

  • height - 20-25 cm;
  • stem diameter - 7–8 mm;
  • the presence of 3-5 true leaves.

In the middle lane, the sowing time for seedlings is the end of April. The seedlings planted in the garden at the end of May will begin to bear fruit 2-3 weeks earlier than with direct sowing.

The described variety is cultivated both horizontally (in spreading) and vertically (on a trellis). Planting scheme - 30-40x70-80 cm. Average density of placement - 3-4 plants per square meter.

Care features

The bushes are formed according to the multi-stem principle. The main stem is pinched after the formation of 5-6 leaves - this will cause the growth of lateral branches, on which female flowers are formed in bee-pollinated varieties, giving a crop. Barren flowers (male flowers) are located near the central stem. With the trellis growing method, the side lashes are tied up at an angle of at least 60 ° with respect to the main stem. When the lashes reach the top of the trellis, they are wrapped 2-3 times around the wire and pinched.

Pickled cucumber needs shaping, so it is better to grow it on a trellis

Otherwise, the plants are looked after in the same way as other cucumbers that grow in the open field. The following activities are regularly carried out:

  • watering;
  • top dressing;
  • loosening the soil;
  • mulching;
  • weed removal.

Reviews of gardeners about the variety

The variety is excellent for commercial and personal cultivation. He feels good in large areas and country beds. No greenhouses are needed to cultivate it. Unpretentious outdoor plants will yield a steady crop of crispy cucumbers that will be equally good in a salad plate and in a barrel.

The Gunnar hybrid was created by the breeders of the Dutch company Enza Zaden. The history of the brand began in 1938, when in North Holland, the city of Enkhuizen, entrepreneur Jakob Mazeev launched the production of potato seeds and legumes.

In 2013, the Russian division of Enza Semena was opened in Moscow. And the Gunnar hybrid was submitted to the court of the State Commission of the Russian Federation for Variety Trials 3 years earlier. In 2014, he received the status of a selection achievement, allowed for cultivation in the 3rd and 5th light zones.

Solar radiation is the main climatic factor in the cultivation of various crops, as well as in the construction of greenhouses and greenhouses. In Russia, the total solar radiation decreases in latitudes from south to north. All regions of the Russian Federation are divided into 7 light zones according to the increasing PAR (photosynthetic active radiation).

Regions of the Russian Federation are divided into 7 light zones

Cucumber leaf f1 description - Site about the garden

- a parthenocarpic hybrid of a cucumber for a winter-spring turnover. Patentee Partenocarpik. Zoned for the 3rd light zone. Salad, begins to bear fruit on the 66-72 day after full germination. Zelenets 26-28 cm long, weighing 225-244 g. The hybrid is resistant to ascochitosis and cladosporium.

- parthenocarpic hybrid of cucumber selection "Partenocarpik". Zelenets 14-16 cm long with frequent tubercles, universal type. Designed for growing in winter block greenhouses in winter-spring and summer-autumn turns. Resistant to cladosporium disease and relatively to ascochitosis. Zelenets 26-28 cm long, weighing 225-244 g. The hybrid is resistant to ascochitosis and cladosporium.

- cucumber variety of the Siberian Research Institute of Plant Growing and Breeding was zoned in 1995 in the Ural and Siberian regions for open ground, bee-pollinated, for universal use. Zelenets cylindrical, green, round-triangular in cross-section, large knobby, 10-12 cm long, 3.5-4.2 cm in diameter, weighing 71-124 g. Taste is good, dry matter content 4.6%, sugar - 2 , 1% vitamin C 11 mg%. Productivity 10-17 t / ha.

- mid-season, pickling variety of cucumber for open ground, bee-pollinated.

- A hybrid of a cucumber of a foreign selection for the winter-spring turnover in soil culture for the third light zone, parthenocarpic. Salad destination. It begins to bear fruit on - 71-76 days after germination. The plant is indeterminate, in the bosom there are 1-3 female flowers. Prone to bundle formation of ovaries. Zelenets 32 cm long, cylindrical, glossy with a short neck, weighing 270-356 g. Productivity 20-23 kg / m. Cladosporium resistant.

Faithful friends
- very early ripening, fruitful, bee-pollinated cucumber hybrid of Pallas' selection. For growing in the open field, under film shelters and in film greenhouses. The plant is a female flowering type with a bundle arrangement of ovaries. The hybrid is resistant to phyto-diseases, relatively cold-resistant, requires replanting of 10% of the pollinator. Zelentsy 8-11 cm long are suitable for pickling and canning. Planting density 3-, 35 plants / m

An early parthenocarpic indoor cucumber hybrid. Fruits 6-7 cm long, regular beautiful shape, light green, small tuberous, with light stripes. Thanks to its thin, delicate skin, it is ideal for canning. Resistant to disease. SeDeK.

- A hybrid of a cucumber selection of the Siberian Research Institute of Plant Production and Selection for the spring-summer turnover for the fourth light zone, parthenocarpic. For growing under film shelters on personal plots and on farms. Universal purpose. It starts bearing fruit on the 38th day after germination. The plant is determinate, medium-sized, there are few lashes. There are 1-3 female flowers in the bosom. Prone to bundle formation of ovaries. Zelenets 10-14 cm long, with light stripes, rarely tuberous, with white pubescence, weighing 113 g. Productivity 6-9 kg / m. Resistant to root rot.

- The parthenocarpic salad hybrid of the VNIIO cucumber was zoned for the North-West, Central, Central Black Earth, Far East regions in 1995 for winter-spring culture and for the East Siberian region for winter-autumn culture. It begins to bear fruit on days 54-66 in winter-spring and 48-49 in autumn-winter crops. The plant is indeterminate, long-leaved, strongly branched, medium-leafy, female flowering type. The ovary is cylindrical, tuberous, pubescence is rare, complex, white. Finger-shaped zelenets (21 * 5), smooth, dark green roundish on the cut, with a short neck, weight 192-254 g. Taste from good to excellent. The yield of 18.3-27.6 kg / m is 1-3 kg higher than the standards. Stella, Gribovchanka, Virenta. Resistant to olive spot, moderately resistant to powdery mildew and fusarium wilt. Strongly susceptible to ascochitis, bacteriosis, oversporosis. The value of the hybrid is high yield, good and excellent qualities of greenery. Planting density 1.8-2 rast / m.

Vir 501, 505, 516, 517
- parthenocarpic cucumber hybrids of VIR selection for the first turnover of spring film greenhouses for salad purposes.

- parthenocarpic hybrid of cucumber for film greenhouses and open ground. Selection of Pallas' cat. The fruit is lumpy, white-thorny, 13-15 cm long. The canning and pickling qualities of the fruits are high. The hybrid is relatively cold-resistant, in unheated film greenhouses bears fruit until late autumn. Resistant to major diseases.

Virenta 2
- parthenocarpic hybrid of cucumber selection TSKhA for spring-summer turnover with a prolonged fruiting period, but with an amicable massive yield at the beginning of fruiting. And for the autumn turnover. The length of the greenery is 13-15 cm. Plants of an intensive type require frequent, not large doses of dressings. Stocking density 2.2-2.5 rast / m. When pollinated, it does not impair the quality of the fruit.

Wisconsin CMP 58
A mid-season, bee-pollinated variety of cucumber for open ground and film shelters. The period from germination to harvesting is 50-60 days. Zelenets 8-10 cm, cylindrical, black-spiky, large-tuberous, salting.

- late-ripening, pickling variety of cucumber for open ground, bee-pollinated.

- an early (45-48 days) hybrid of a cucumber selection of the Pridnestrovian Research Institute of Agriculture for open ground and spring film greenhouses. Bee-pollinated, female flowering type. The plant is medium-sized, the length of the main stem is 2.5-2.8 m, the branching is medium. Zelenets cylindrical, medium tuberous, dark green, with rare black pubescence, weighing 90-110 g, 9-11 cm long, 3.5-5 cm in diameter, with high taste, without bitterness. The pulp of the fruit is juicy, tender, sweet. Zelentsy do not turn brown, keep fresh for a long time, without losing their taste and marketability. Productivity outdoors 2.5-3.2 kg / m, protected 15-18.5 kg / m. Tolerant to downy mildew and bacteriosis. For fresh consumption and salting.

- mid-season, pickling hybrid of a cucumber for open ground, bee-pollinated.

- a variety of cucumber selection VNIISOOK for open ground, bee-pollinated mid-season (50-58 days), suitable for salting. Medium-weight. Fruits 9-12 cm long do not turn yellow. A variety with a harmonious return of the harvest. Productivity 2.2-3.3 kg / m. Medium and weakly affected by diseases. Zelenets 12-14 cm long, sparsely tuberous, white and brown-thorny, salted.

- mid-season, pickling variety of cucumber for open ground, bee-pollinated.

Volgodonsky 231
- a variety of cucumber of the Volgograd experimental station VIR and VNIIR them. N.I. Vavilov. Salting, canning. Zoned in 1993 for the Lower Volga region.

In 1998, a cucumber hybrid of the VNIIO selection was submitted for variety testing. The new hybrid is intended for spring-summer crops in plastic and glazed greenhouses with emergency heating. Bee-pollinated female flowering type. The fruit is 15-16 cm long, without bitterness, canned and has high taste. Plants are resistant to olive leaf blight, relatively resistant to powdery mildew, oversporosis and root rot.

The earliest, relatively cold-resistant, parthenocarpic cucumber hybrid of the Gavrish selection. Plants are vigorous, female flowering type. 2-4 ovaries are formed in the sinuses. Zelenets 10-12 cm long, 3-4 cm in diameter, weighing about 100 g. The surface is lumpy, white-thorn. The fruits of universal use.

- late-ripening, pickling variety of cucumber for open ground, bee-pollinated.

–Partenocarpic hybrid of cucumber selection "Partenocarpik" female flowering type. The fruit is 14-16 cm long. It is intended for growing in winter block greenhouses in winter-spring and summer-autumn turns. It is appreciated for its beautiful fruits, high taste and high yield (23-25 ​​kg / m). Stocking density 2 plants / m2. The plant is medium-branched. The hybrid is resistant to cladosporiosis, relatively resistant to ascochitosis.

Vyaznikovsky 37
Early maturing, pickling cucumber variety of VNIISSOK selection, for open ground, bee-pollinated. Early ripening begins to bear fruit 40-55 days after full germination. High-yielding, short-grained. Fruits are small tuberous, black thorn, 10-14 cm long.

For film greenhouses and open ground. The period from germination to the beginning of fruiting is 52 days. Fruits are cylindrical, 8-10 cm long, green, large tuberous, black pubescence. Excellent taste. Versatile use, good transportability.

- bee-pollinated cucumber hybrid of selection "Gavrish" for open ground. Early ripening (45-50 days). Fruits 5-10 cm long, large-lumpy, white-thorny, universal. Resistant to powdery mildew.

- bee-pollinated cucumber hybrid, pollinator of selection of TSKhA. The quality of the greens is improved. Tolerant to root rot. Yielding, the difference in yield between the pollinated variety and the pollinator variety is 2-3 kg / m. - for cultivation in the winter-spring turnover. Zoned in 1997 in the Central and Central Black Earth regions. Salad destination. It starts bearing fruit 70-78 days after full germination. The plant is indeterminate, vigorous, mixed flowering type. Zelenets fusiform, 14-16 cm long, weighing 123-157 g. Productivity 29 kg / m. The value of the hybrid: high yields, resistance to olive spot, good taste and excellent pollinator.

- parthenocarpic, tuberous, white-thorny, early ripening hybrid of cucumber with a high yield in the first month of harvesting of the TSKhA selection. Zelenets 115-18 cm long. Fruiting occurs on 44-45 days. Well suited for summer-autumn turnover. Productivity 3-12 kg / m

For open ground and plastic greenhouses. A productive medium-early hybrid of a cucumber. Enters fruiting in 53-55 days after germination. Fruits are cylindrical, dark green, pubescence is black. Length 8-10 cm, diameter 3.3 cm. Weight 50-70 g. Excellent taste. Resistant to downy mildew and downy mildew. Recommended for fresh consumption and salting.

For open ground. An early hybrid. The period from germination to the beginning of fruiting is 40-44 days. The plant is bushy, very compact, with abundant and amicable fruiting (the first ovary is behind 4-5 leaves). It tolerates thickening well. Fruits are uniform, large tuberous, white-spiked, cylindrical, 10-12 cm long, uniform dark green color, do not turn yellow, excellent taste, firm pulp. High resistance to viral diseases, powdery mildew, peronosporosis. Recommended for fresh use and for pickling.

Early ripening (37-38 days), parthenocarpic hybrid of cucumber selection "Manul" for spring greenhouses, tunnels and open ground. A female flowering plant with low branching. In the nodes, 1-3 ovaries are formed. 6-8 zelents are formed on the plant at the same time. Zelenets 11-13 cm long. The hybrid is distinguished by the duration of fruiting, cold resistance, resistant to powdery mildew, olive spot, PTO, tolerant to downy mildew and root rot.

- bee-pollinated tuberous hybrid of cucumber (pollinator) for winter-spring culture of Pallas breeding. Zelenets 15-17 cm long.

Herman 9908206
Originator Royal Sluice. It is included in the State Register of the Russian Federation for garden plots, home gardens and farms for growing in open ground, in film greenhouses and under temporary film shelters. Early maturing, parthenocarpic, salad and canned food. The plant is determinate, medium-sized, female flowering type, with bundled ovaries. Medium green to dark green leaf. Zelenets cylindrical, green to dark green in color, with short stripes and weak spotting, ribbed, medium lumpy, white pubescence, no bitterness in the fruits. Fruit weight 70-90 g, length 10-11 cm, diameter 2.9-3.1 cm. Taste qualities of fresh and canned fruits are good and excellent. Productivity 8.5 - 9 kg. The hybrid is resistant to cladosporiosis, PTO, powdery mildew.

Hybrid -23
- a hybrid of a cucumber for film greenhouses NZ, small-fruited (10-12 cm).

- a hybrid of a cucumber with small fruits of the gherkin type. high quality suitable for pickling and canning. Taste qualities of fruits in all types are high, without bitterness. They do not outgrow and do not turn yellow for a long time.

- bee-pollinated tuberous hybrid of cucumber (pollinator) for winter-spring culture of Pallas breeding. Zelenets 15-17 cm long.

- early maturing (40-43 days) highly productive hybrid of cucumber for open ground, bee-pollinated. Possesses complex disease resistance. The plant is vigorous (140-190 cm, branchy. The number of first-order shoots is 3-6. Zelenets is 9-12 cm long, oval-cylindrical, the surface is large-tuberous, pubescence is black. Zelenets is dense, crispy, fragrant, without bitterness.

- bee-pollinated tuberous hybrid of cucumber (pollinator) for winter-spring culture of Pallas breeding. Zelenets 15-17 cm long.

- parthenocarpic cucumber hybrid for winter greenhouses in winter-spring circulation, zoned in 1987, female flowering type. The period until the beginning of fruiting is 59 days. The fruits are cylindrical, 22-27 cm long, the surface is smooth, shiny, without bitterness. The hybrid has increased resistance to root rot, ascochitosis and rootworm nematode, and is able to withstand sharp temperature fluctuations. Not whimsical to growing conditions, shade-tolerant, suitable for growing on a window and in an apartment, as it has parthenocarp and increased cold resistance.

- Medium early, parthenocarpic variety of cucumber for open ground and film shelters. The variety, with a length of green leaves 15-22 cm, does not require frequent collection. Cylindrical fruits of intense green color with light stripes, can be used for canning and pickling. SeDeK.

- early ripe, parthenocarpic hybrid of cucumber for winter greenhouses in winter-spring culture in the Northern region. Bred by the All-Russian Research Institute of Vegetable Growing. Long-fruited 34-38 cm, lettuce, weighing 255-303 g. Productivity 28-33.3 kg / m.

The choice of cucumbers for pickling in shape and appearance

All known varieties can be roughly divided into 3 types:

  1. Universal. They are used both for conservation and for consumption in raw form.
  2. Salting. They are characterized by a rough pimply skin, which does not chew well when fresh, but is completely transformed by the action of brine.
  3. Salad. They are distinguished by a special type of skin that does not let the brine into the pulp.

For salting, pickling and universal types are suitable.

Their flesh remains firm and crisp for a long period of time. As a rule, they meet the following external characteristics:

  • cylindrical shape
  • dark green color with pale streaks or stripes
  • dense skin
  • very bumpy surface (it is the bumps that provide the famous cucumber crunch)
  • dark, almost black, thorns.

Sometimes, among the pickling varieties, there are spindle-shaped forms, as well as fruits with a ribbed surface and a small number of tubercles.

Small-fruited varieties are preferably used for salting. These cucumbers are easier to place and remove from pickling containers. In addition, much more small fruits are placed, which saves dishes and brine. Large cucumbers are more watery, less crispy.

Hybrids should be of high yields. Moreover, it is desirable to use such varieties, the fruits of which ripen almost simultaneously. Thus, you can save a lot of time, because canning is a protracted process, and it is much easier to do everything at once than to stretch the pleasure for weeks.

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Another important point when choosing a variety for pickling is the taste of cucumbers. If the variety is raw, the bitterness will only intensify after salting. Therefore, for pickles, only those varieties are chosen, in the fruits of which there is completely no bitterness.

Advantages and disadvantages

Cucumber variety Artist F1 has the following advantages:

  • ultra early maturity of fruits
  • long fruiting
  • excellent seed germination
  • lack of yellow areas in ripe fruits
  • good yield
  • resistance to diseases such as common mosaic, cladosporium disease, powdery mildew
  • lack of light tolerance
  • high-quality presentation, allowing the cultivation of the hybrid for sale
  • resistant to lack of moisture and hot weather
  • good ability to recover from the effects of dry soil
  • the versatility of the use of fruits.

Cucumber Artist F1 is a worthy variety, which, however, differs in a number of features that can be considered as disadvantages:

  • has an average yield for a hybrid; with proper agricultural technology, it rarely exceeds 9 kg / sq. m.
  • requires the correct fertilization scheme.

The correct technique for growing varieties Artist F1 is able to minimize the disadvantages described above.

How to collect and store potatoes?

It is possible to preserve the harvest well only if the potatoes are well ripe. After the foliage dies off, all the necessary substances, including starch, are collected in the tubers. It is they who contribute to giving the variety its characteristic taste and aroma. Ripe potatoes are characterized by the formation of a rough skin with dry eyes.

Before sending the crop to a storage place, the fruits are pre-dried in the air. A shelter from the sun can help prevent greening of the tubers. Next, you need to sort the potatoes and select the defective fruits.

Air dry the crop before storing. In the storage, the optimum temperature is + 2-4 degrees - this will ensure the best preservation of potatoes. It is impossible for the humidity in the room to be higher than 70-85%. Sand, crushed stone or pebbles are poured at the bottom of the storage facility - they help absorb moisture and prevent the development of fungal diseases. The sun's rays should not penetrate into the store.

As a storage container, it is optimal to use mesh bags or wooden boxes. When harvesting Rosara potatoes, a minimum of defective potatoes is obtained. Due to this, it is permissible to transport the crop over long distances without worrying about its presentation and preservation of taste until spring.

For blanks, you should choose certain varieties of cucumbers. Late and mid-season crops, which are intended for cultivation in unprotected beds, are most suitable for such purposes. Universal varieties are also suitable. Zelentsy varieties that are used for salting should have a dense skin and crispy flesh. It is such a vegetable that will not lose its properties after processing and will look appetizing in a jar. Every summer resident wants to grow the best varieties of cucumbers for pickling and canning in their garden plot. Therefore, he is always interested in which varieties are more suitable for blanks. Here you should pay attention to Nezhinsky, Othello, Ant, Zasolochny and Adam. Farmers give the highest marks to them. A lot of useful information in the article: Growing cucumbers on the balcony - step by step instructions.

Watch the video: The Vlog of the Round Cucumber! Garden Tour

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