Pruning roses for the winter: how to do everything without harming the plant?

Roses are the favorites of most flower growers. These beautiful plants adorn many suburban areas. How pleasant it is to watch the blossoming rosebuds with petals of the most incredible shapes and colors, exuding a delicate pleasant aroma. In order to enjoy the riot of color in the new season, pruning roses for the winter should be a mandatory procedure among the activities to prepare the garden for winter.

What is autumn pruning for?

Autumn pruning of roses for the winter is necessary to strengthen the plant itself. If pruning in spring is aimed at forming and ennobling a beautiful bush, then the autumn procedure is aimed at providing access to light for the buds and stems of the plant, airing its crown, as well as increasing the winter hardiness of the rose. In addition, pruning old branches provokes the laying of new buds, from which large flowers bloom, and the formation of new, stronger shoots.

You can also find out how to cover roses for the winter here: /rastenija/kak-ukryt-rozy-na-zimu.html

If wild-growing beauties look gorgeous and delight with flowering without additional care, then garden roses need annual pruning.

The pruning procedure is subject not only to roses that decorate the flower garden for more than one year, but young seedlings planted this year. The main recommendations include the need to remove all immature buds and already blossoming flowers, as well as cutting out diseased and weak stems.

Unripe shoots left for the winter begin to rot in the shelter. This often leads to fungal attack and disease of the entire plant. After pruning, only lignified powerful shoots with several dormant buds should remain on the bush.

In order to prevent the development of pathogenic microbes, the cut remains of the plant must be removed and burned without leaving it under the bush.

After pruning, the bush has only 3-5 evenly spaced, most developed and more powerful shoots that do not thicken the crown

You should also get rid of old shoots in a timely manner, which include three-year-old stems that have many side branches and are covered with dried bark.

Secrets of the correct procedure

In order for the pruning procedure to bring only a positive effect, it is necessary to adhere to several basic rules:

  • Pruning should only be done with sharpened pruning shears. A blunt tool makes ragged cuts and damages the bark of the plant, which then heals for a long time or dies off completely from the penetration of infection.
  • To remove thicker stems d = 1.5-2 cm, it is preferable to use a hacksaw.
  • The place for the cut should be chosen above the swollen bud that did not have time to germinate, maintaining a distance of 0.5-1 cm. The shoot should be pruned to healthy white wood.
  • It is necessary to perform the cut at an angle so that the cut area does not become a focus of moisture accumulation and the development of infection.

The best time to cut roses for the winter is a sunny, windless day. As a rule, rose bushes are pruned at the end of October.

Pruning is performed on the external bud. This will prevent the thickening of the bush and ensure sufficient ventilation and illumination of the crown.

In order to prevent infection of plants with fungi and infections, it is advisable to disinfect the tools before pruning by treating with a solution of potassium permanganate, and after trimming the cut point on the stems themselves - with garden pitch.

And, perhaps, the most important rule that should be followed when pruning roses for the winter is not to overdo it. Since the volume of the root system of a rose, like any other plant, must be proportional to the volume of its aboveground part, pruning must be carried out competently and carefully in order not to disrupt the nutritional system, which can lead to disease and even death of the plant.

The main types of pruning, taking into account the variety

In order for the flower garden to become more and more beautiful every year, when pruning roses, one should take into account the peculiarities of the varietal group of representatives growing on the site. Depending on the size, variety and growth rate of the bush, one of the main types of pruning can be applied:

Short cut

After pruning, only the base of the bush with 2-3 dormant buds remains. A short pruning is suitable for polyanthus roses, the branches of which are prone to strong tillering.

With strong pruning, all the stems of the aerial part of the plant are mercilessly cut

Miniature roses, adult formed bushes of hybrid tea roses and climbing representatives of the Rambler group successfully tolerate strong pruning.

For other plant varieties, short pruning is only permissible as a last resort.

Medium cut

With a moderate pruning method, weak shoots are also completely eliminated. Medium pruning is excellent for stimulating the growth of young shoots.

When carrying out medium pruning, the stems of the bush are shortened by half, and at the base of the plant there are low 25-30 cm shoots with 4-5 buds

Moderate pruning is suitable for Pernepian, hybrid teas and many other groups of roses.

The only exceptions are English and park roses, climbing, ancient and species beauties of this family.

Rules for planting and caring for garden roses: /rastenija/posadka-i-uxod-za-rozami.html

Long cut

After pruning, two-thirds of the stems with 8-10 buds are quite tall at the base. Weak, gentle pruning is used for delicate varieties of Bengal roses, old and specific, park and English, as well as vigorous hybrid tea varieties. The use of gentle pruning on other groups of roses allows you to achieve earlier flowering, but with constant use of this method for several years, the bushes lose their shape and stretch strongly, and their flowering becomes less abundant.

With gentle pruning, only the tops of the shoots are removed

The method of pruning climbing roses for the winter is selected depending on their belonging to the varietal subgroup

Stems of climbing small-flowered roses do not need pruning and do not shorten at all, large-flowered roses are cut by a third of the length, in other species - by half.

Groundcover roses do not need autumn pruning. When caring for a bush, you should only cut out shoots that have lost their decorative effect, as well as unripe, broken and diseased branches.

This is useful! How to revive roses in spring: /vopros-otvet/kak-ozhivit-rozyi-posle-zimovki.html

For standard roses, pruning is chosen, which is based on the characteristics of the group of grafted roses.

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How to properly prune roses for the winter

Want your flower queens to look really royal next season? We will tell you how to prune roses for the winter so that they winter safely and without loss.

Roses are usually pruned in the fall in preparation for winter shelter. But inexperienced growers sometimes doubt whether it is necessary to do this at all or whether it is possible to do with spring pruning. Let's look at this controversial issue.

Do I need to cut roses for the winter

Autumn pruning of roses is carried out in order to prepare them for shelter, increase winter hardiness, provide shoots with access to light and strengthen plant immunity. The fact is that unripe shoots left for the winter on a bush can rot under the covering material. To prevent this from happening, in the fall (usually in the second half of October), in the fall (usually in the second half of October), all unripe, dry, damaged shoots thickening the bush are removed from roses that need winter shelter and the remaining stems are shortened to the height of the covering material.

For the winter, both adult roses and seedlings planted this year are cut. At the same time, it must be remembered that the bushes cannot be cut off before the night frosts begin, since any pruning stimulates the growth of shoots.

Winter-hardy flowers (for example, wrinkled rose hybrids) winter well without shelter, so they are not cut off for the winter.

Rose wrinkled Alba does not need autumn pruning

How to prune a climbing rose for the winter

The shoots of a climbing rose are cut minimally in autumn: they do not need to be adjusted to the height of the shelter, since the stems of the plant are bent to the ground.

How to cut park (spray) roses for the winter

Among the park roses, there are many representatives of winter-hardy varieties that do not need shelter and, as a result, pruning for the winter. They cut off inflorescences, unripe, damaged shoots and small branches that thicken the bush.

How to prune hybrid tea roses for the winter

The shoots of hybrid tea roses are boldly shortened by half. You can even resort to strong pruning - the plants will overwinter well and will quickly grow new branches in the spring. In addition, all young, immature shoots must be removed. Otherwise, the bush may die.

Remove all cut shoots from the site and burn them: they may contain pests and pathogens

How to prune floribunda roses for the winter

Floribunda roses often continue to bloom in mid-autumn. But if the cold has already come, then do not spare the flowers, cut them off and prepare the bushes for shelter.

The fall pruning options for floribunda roses depend on which shrub you want to get next year. If you shorten the shoots too much, less tall, but lush bushes will grow, evenly strewn with flowers. With little pruning (if you cut off only a small part of the stem under the inflorescences), a tall and slender bush will bloom next season with a lot of flowers only in its upper part.

How to prune ground cover roses for the winter

Groundcover roses that spread on the ground do not need autumn pruning. For the winter, flowers are only removed from them.

How to prune a room rose for the winter

Indoor rose in winter needs rest. In the fall, they stop feeding it, gradually reduce watering, carry out pruning, transfer the plant to a bright room with an air temperature of 10-15 ° C and keep it there until spring.

During the autumn pruning of a room rose, 4-6 buds are left on each healthy shoot, small shoots are removed completely or 2-3 buds are left on them.

If you leave a large number of shoots, small flowers will bloom on the lush bush next season. And on a bush with several shoots, larger roses will bloom

After pruning rose bushes, it is imperative to remove all the leaves if they have not fallen off themselves. After all, under cover, the leaves can rot and infect plants with fungal diseases. It is important not to damage the kidney! If the leaves are firmly attached to the bush, carefully break off the petiole with a sideways motion.

Still, the main pruning of roses is carried out in the spring. At the same time, the bush is given the desired shape. We wrote about this in more detail in one of our materials.

Preparing spray roses for winter: tips

Each experienced rose grower will do everything necessary before the arrival of autumn, so that his flowers survive the winter in the most comfortable conditions for themselves.

Ideally it should be something like this

So, it is necessary to carry out several techniques that relate to the preparation and shelter of roses.

Shelter roses for the winter

Preparation of spray roses for winter should be carried out in accordance with the weather conditions of the region where they are grown.

In an area where winter is milder, rose bushes will be well preserved if they are simply covered with earth, and species of these flowers, such as park flowers, can winter calmly even without such shelter. If we are talking about the middle lane or northern regions, then a more laborious process will have to be organized.

How to avoid mistakes

Very often in the springtime, when roses are opened after winter, they are found to be moldy or blackened. This is due to mistakes that are made in the process of warming, which becomes the reason that the roses are vomited. You should also be able to distinguish the signs of the latter phenomenon from freezing.

The main mistakes that can be made by gardeners are premature or late hiding / opening of flower bushes. So, you should not wrap up roses at the onset of the first frost in order to avoid the great likelihood of a danger for the bushes. Also, do not rush to open early plants that may suffer from spring thaws.

Roses and winter

Preparing spray roses for winter should already begin with planting a plant. So, it should be placed in such a way that in the future it would be easy to cover the bushes. As practice shows, it is best to plant bushes in rows with a distance of thirty to forty centimeters.

If miniature types of roses are planted, then it is best to place them at a distance of twenty to thirty centimeters. With a decrease in the indicated distances, waterlogging of the soil may occur, which is very undesirable.

It is necessary to give the roses the opportunity to harden naturally. The shelter must go through stages. First, remove the leaves from the bottom of the plant. After that, you can cut off shoots that have not matured, which will save the bushes from death. The wounds after such removal should dry out. Next, you should prune the roses. So, the stems need to be shortened in accordance with the height of the shelter, which should be within 15-25 cm. This will ensure the integrity of the most important buds.

How not to harm flowers

Pruning geraniums is a simple procedure, especially if you follow the correct sequence and remember the basic needs of the plant, including seasonal ones. Nevertheless, there are times when the bush dies due to rash actions.

The most common pruning mistakes

A florist needs to know three common mistakes that lovers of pelargonium make when pruning:

    If your geranium spends all summer outdoors, in the garden or on the balcony, then before the autumn pruning it must be kept at home for some time. But often amateur flower growers, having brought pelargonium into the house, immediately start pruning, and then they are surprised that it has turned yellow.

For any plant, a sharp change in conditions is stress, and if you add pruning to it, then it already resembles an act of vandalism. Give the geranium a chance to get used to the new conditions, and she will endure the haircut.

Due to rash haste, geraniums can get sick and even die.

Bright lighting and over-watering can cause geraniums to rot.

Geranium is undoubtedly a living decoration of the home or garden. This flower attracts with its absolute unpretentiousness and aristocratic beauty. Having learned how to care for the crown of geraniums, you can admire the lush color and symmetrical crown of pelargonium from year to year.

Watch the video: How to Prune Roses in Winter

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