Evergreen herbaceous plants in the garden. Part 1


Tenacious (Ajuga)

One of the most interesting ornamental ground cover plants.

Propagated by aerial creeping shoots, which end in rooting rosettes. Her root system is fibrous, shallow, but strong. The tenacious bloom in early summer. Inflorescences up to 30 cm long consist of numerous small blue flowers. She is unpretentious.

Good for filling all empty and unattractive places under trees, shrubs, and also looks good among colorful plants in flower beds. On nutritious soils, the tenacious forms luxurious carpets. The leaves, as a rule, are brown-beetroot or dark green; in the bright sun, the color of the leaves becomes more expressive. Use this plant to create groundcover, curbs, and to anchor slopes.


Heuchera

Ground cover plant from the saxifrage family. Possesses luxurious wide rosettes of leaves. The leaves are lobed, oval, heart-shaped, covered with fluff and permeated with veins. Small charming flowers sit on tall peduncles. Heuchera is grown for its decorative leaves.

Flowers - white, pink, red and even green - appear on peduncles 45 to 75 cm high. Popular varieties Peter Moon (pink flowers and marbled gray leaves), Red Spendleys (red flowers and pale green leaves with dark green stains), Greenfinch (green flowers and green leaves).

Heuchera rhizome is short, dense and slightly creeping; the root system is shallow. Heuchera is easily propagated by sowing seeds, dividing rhizomes and cutting rosettes. Grows well on all garden soils, but prefers loose and fertile soils. It can take a very long time without transplanting, but young 2-3-year-old plants look neater and bloom more abundantly. Heuchera is hygrophilous, but drought-resistant. It develops well and blooms in partial shade and in the sun. In snowless periods of winter, it requires dry shelter with coniferous spruce branches.

Iberis - stennik (Iberis)

In addition to annual and perennial species, winter-green forms are of particular interest.

These are overwintering shrubs with small oval-lanceolate stem leaves. The root system of this plant is weakly branched and deep-lying. Small flowers 2 cm in size are collected in corymbose inflorescences. Growing up, the plants completely cover the planting area, turning into a pillow up to 30 cm high, and flowers rise above the evergreen leaves.

Reproduction in Iberis is seed or vegetative - by layering and cuttings. Iberis is grown on soils of medium fertility with good drainage, while taking into account the fact that he loves full or partial lighting.

Aubrieta

An irreplaceable ground cover plant with dense gray-green pubescent small foliage.

In early summer, the leaves are hidden under small flowers of the most varied bright colors. After flowering, pruning is required. Ideal for green carpet, the root system of this plant is shallow.

Seed and vegetative reproduction. The main method is division in the spring, at the beginning of growth. Cuttings - in the second half of summer with new shoots that grow back after flowering. Aubrieta is unpretentious to soils, but prefers well-drained areas, illuminated by the sun.

Hardy, but still it should be closed for the winter - in case of severe frosts. Stagnant waters pose a great danger to obriety in spring. Popular varieties are: Visionary (up to 12 cm in height), Aurevaregata (lavender flowers and leaves with a gold border), Bressingham Pink (double pink flowers) and Dr. Malis (purple flowers).

Saxifrage - Saxifraga

About 90 species of this plant are widespread in our country, but no more than 15 of them are used to decorate the garden.

Saxifrage is a plant with a height of 5 to 70 cm, creates thick or loose curtains in the garden. The leaves have various shapes: from lanceolate to rhombic, color - from green to yellow-spotted. Flowers are five-petal, small, stellate; there are white, yellowish, pink, cherry and greenish.

The paniculate inflorescences of this plant are very showy. Saxifrage blooms from May to August. The vast majority of species are evergreen. Saxifrage easily reproduces vegetatively: by dividing the curtain, cuttings, single rosettes after the plants have faded. These plants are unpretentious, prefer calcareous soils, sunny location and good drainage. Plant saxifrage on rocky hills, in shady flower beds, use it to decorate the banks of reservoirs and create separate curtains.

Of the evergreen saxifrage, species and varieties such as urban (up to 30 cm high), Arends (they are sometimes called "Mossy saxifrage"), opposite-leaved (blooms very profusely with pink-red flowers), shadow (creates beautiful dense clumps of flat rosettes about 5 cm in diameter, leaves are rounded, almost smooth, green and yellowish-spotted), Elizabeth (with yellow flowers), turfy (forms dense, pillow-like thickets up to 20 cm high; flowers are white and pink-cherry), Pennsylvania (grows in damp places).

Cat's foot - Antennaria (Antennaria dioica)

Most species are groundcover, low-growing perennials with small silvery leaves and inflorescences that resemble a cat's footprint.

The bush grows up to 25 cm in height and up to 45 cm in diameter. Forms dense silvery carpets of small rosettes located at the ends of creeping branching shoots. In June, small inflorescences appear in a range of colors from white to crimson. It reproduces mainly by dividing the curtains in early summer or closer to autumn, at the end of August.

Regular rejuvenation is required after 2-3 years. The cat's paw prefers loose, poor soils; drought-resistant and sun-loving, but shade-tolerant. In addition, this plant is winter hardy and does not require shelter. The cat's foot is used for borders in flower beds, planted between slabs of paths and on dry slopes.

Lungwort - Pulmonaria (Pulmonaria)

The lungwort is an irreplaceable curb plant and all of its species are extremely interesting. She has bizarre colors: as it ages, the color of the corolla of the lungwort changes from pink or purple to purple or blue.

The lungwort blooms for a month. Its flowers are bell-shaped or funnel-shaped with a bend, on long cuttings there are delicate pubescent leaves of a heart-ovoid shape, and on the upper side of the leaves there are blurry light spots. In winter, under the snow, there are bunches of basal, highly overgrown rough leaves. The lungwort prefers shady places.

Medicinal, narrow-leaved, sugar, red, Folyarsky's lungwort - various types of this plant are widely used in our country when creating background curtains, contrasting compositions in flower beds, especially in combination with hosts, ferns and other perennials. It is recommended to plant in shady places.

Rejuvenated - Sempervivum

This succulent is a popular garden decoration plant. Spherical rosettes of fleshy leaves ranging in size from 4 to 15 cm have different colors, density and pubescence.

In summer, yellow, red or purple star-shaped flowers bloom, collected in spectacular corymbose-paniculate inflorescences on thick peduncles. Non-blooming rosettes live for several years. The rejuvenated forms dense ground cover clumps. This plant propagates by daughter rosettes growing at the ends of ground stolons.

It is unpretentious, tolerates any soil, and is sun-loving and drought-resistant. It is quite frost-hardy, but in severe frosts, the young should still be covered with spruce branches. The most common types of juveniles are spiderweb, scion and roofing... All types look good on rocky hills, in the crevices of the walls.

Spurge (Euphorbia) evergreen

Evergreen euphorbia is one of the many types of euphorbia.

The name of the plant is not accidental - there are species with white milky sap that flows from a wounded plant. Evergreen milkweed leaves are dark, shiny and collected in dense rosettes. The flowers form inflorescences, in the middle - one female flower, around - several reduced male flowers.

Euphorbia is planted in rock gardens and curbs.


Fescue - festuca (Festuca)

An exquisite plant for an elegant green carpet. Fescue is a decorative cereal with blue foliage. The sizes of the festuka are varied: from small (for a rock garden) to large (for borders, mixborders and specimen plantings).

This plant is distinguished by its originality of shape and interesting for its blue color. Most popular gray fescue (glauca), forming bumps of dense gray-blue foliage up to 15 cm high. Blue (Blue Far) pure blue leaves, have Amethystova - gray-blue, and it forms larger bumps.

For rock garden, dwarf is widely used velian fescue, grade Sibirsi... The soil for fescue is not very fertile, with good drainage, and illuminated by the sun.

Sedum - sedum (Sedum)

This deciduous succulent is very popular. By type, sedums are divided into erect, ascending, creeping and rooting.

The flowers of these beautiful deciduous ornamental plants are stellate, white, yellow and pink, collected in corymbose, paniculate or umbellate inflorescences. Sedum is unpretentious, frost-resistant. Used to cover soil, rockeries and curbs. In our zone, the following varieties of sedum are most common: Acrid, White, Thick-leaved, Bent, False.

But this is not a complete list of existing evergreen stonecrops. Sedum caustic, 4-8 cm high, has ascending or recumbent shoots. Leaves, fleshy and short, cover the vegetative shoots. The flowers are golden yellow, up to 1 cm in diameter.

Sedum propagates by seeds and cuttings.

Read the next part. Evergreen herbaceous plants in the garden. Part 2

T. Barkhatova, florist


How to decorate your garden with ornamental grasses

Thanks to their amazing variety, ornamental grasses can be used in many different types of gardens. They can be planted alone or in combination with other grasses, flowers, shrubs and trees, or in containers to create a soft, wavy texture with a delightful array of colors - blue, green, greenish yellow, gold, bronze, orange, red, and even black.

Ornamental grasses in landscaping: creating a natural environment

Herbs go very well with companion plants that grow in our regions, such as non-invasive perennials and self-sown annuals.

Ornamental poppies, Chamomile, meadow grasses, Flax, Daisies, Lupine, Yarrow are just a few examples of native plants with which herbs and grasses are perfectly combined. This mixture of ornamental and native plants can be used to give your garden a natural, natural look.

The shape and texture of grass can be used to great advantage to provide contrast or highlight an element.

Try to surround the Statice of Suvorov or the Artichoke real or surround the boxwood hedge with flowing feathery grass. Experiment and have fun with different combinations to find the effects that work best for you.

Decorating herbs as a hedge

When planted carefully, herbs can create a sense of privacy in your garden without being overly imposing.

Choose herbs that grow to significant heights, such as the Chinese Yakushima Dwarf Miscanthus, which can grow up to 1.5m, and plant them in a row. As they mature, they form a hedge-like barrier that can be used as a barrier from traffic and neighbors. You can also combine herbaceous crops with flowers.

Use herbaceous plants as a background

Herbaceous plants don't always have to be the main or focal point in your garden. They make excellent supporting actors. Create a clearing in your garden or a small lawn from the undersized varieties, creating a subtle green backdrop to contrast with the brown trunks of your trees or shrubs. Ornamental grasses can form the basis of a garden in a natural landscape style.

We take into account the change in the color of herbs depending on the season

Many ornamental herbaceous plants adorn the garden not only in summer but also in autumn and even winter. By fall, changing the color of their foliage from green to yellow or brown, these herbs bring new colors and sensations to your garden. At a time when flowers wither and foliage falls, cereals and herbs, adorned in yellowish brown colors, take all the attention, becoming the main ornamental crops in the garden. In winter, when snow covers the ground, decorative grasses do not lose their beauty and stir the white background of the winter garden.

Planting ornamental herbs in pots

Ornamental grasses, sedges and reeds are the main components of ornamental gardens in many countries. But their textures, colors and carefree care are also welcomed as container plants.

The unconventional combination of modern pots with the informal texture of local grass creates an original composition that can be placed against a brick wall of a house, near a fence or on a terrace. The herb containers themselves are mobile - they can be carried to any corner of the garden, thereby constantly changing the landscape of the site to your liking.

Mass planting of ornamental grasses in landscape design

Ornamental grasses look amazing when planted together. For example, group Mexican Feather Grass or Fescue in a narrow space between the beds or mixborders and the retaining wall. They will create an airy look that is pleasing to the eye, because it is a massive accumulation of the same plant.

"Softening" stone or concrete structures.

Many owners of backyard or summer cottages add a lot of stone or concrete structures to them - all kinds of garden paths, various fences, patios, etc. (this is not taking into account buildings). By adding ornamental grasses near a stationary pool or in areas with a lot of concrete or stone, you visually soften the garden space, make it more attractive and create a natural look.

Choosing the right ornamental grasses for landscaping can be a daunting task for gardeners. If you are looking for beautiful, unpretentious and hardy plants, you can consider the most spectacular ornamental grasses that will create stunning compositions, provide a fabulous backdrop for your flowering plants, and bring comfort and rustle of herbs to your garden.


When and what to fertilize conifers in the garden

There are two periods of feeding coniferous crops in a personal plot. Let's take a closer look at how and when to fertilize your prickly beauties.

Spring period

Fertilizer for conifers should be applied in early spring when the plants are emerging from the dormant period. Weakened after winter, conifers need energy for the new growing season. Evergreens have young, strong and strong shoots in the spring.Fertilize your plants regularly from late February to mid-August according to the manufacturer's instructions. While liquid fertilizers are applied directly with irrigation water, organic or mineral granules are applied only once a season. A small amount of fertilizer makes it easier for conifers to grow, especially on sandy soils.

Whether conifers grow well with fertilizers also depends on the location - loamy soils naturally contain more trace elements and retain them better than sandy soils. Therefore, fertilizers are useful on sandy soils. You can use the fertilizer for conifers and other evergreen crops. At a later stage in the development of conifers, fertilizer can be applied every 45-60 days. If you are going to use compost, you first need to shallowly loosen the coniferous tree's trunk circle. Then we spread the compost with a 5 cm ball along the loosened near-trunk circle. Once the organic fertilizer is scattered, stir the soil slightly so that some of the compost falls down.

How to use fertilizer for conifers in the fall

In late autumn, before the soil freezes, conifers and other evergreens will gratefully accept a portion of potassium magnesia. This application of coniferous fertilizer increases the frost resistance of plants. On clayey, fertilize exclusively with potassium-magnesia dressings, which are a real helper for every coniferous tree.

If the plant is deficient in nutrients, slow release fertilizers can be applied in late summer to late fall. It can help evergreens survive the winter and become healthier in the spring.


The use of ornamental grasses in garden landscaping

Trees and shrubs are the basis of the garden, they create the primary structure around which we can create the overall composition of our infield. Perennial flowering plants are crops that expand the overall composition by adding shape, color, texture and flavor. Ornamental grasses in landscaping emphasize the natural decoration of the garden - they add a bright splash to our backyard.

Herbaceous plants are a unique design element because they can be used in any setting - as part of a floral arrangement, as focal plants or as curbs.


Evergreens in landscape design

Evergreens perfectly combine and coexist with many other representatives of the flora, and also look great in the foreground and background, as a soloist and in the friendly company of other crops.

Composition basis

If these plants are planted as the basis of the garden area, then at any time of the year it will be possible to admire their unique appearance. In spring and summer, evergreens will complement massive flowering and fragrance. In autumn, during the period of active fruiting and bright colors of autumn leaves and fruits, the palette of shades will expand many times and unite into a rainbow chorus of colors. And in the winter months, they will become the only green island of nature amid sparkling snow.

Revitalizing the dark corners of the garden

Gloomy dense plantings in a large garden area can be illuminated and revitalized with evergreen varieties that differ from others in their white, light yellow or silver color.

Single planting and growing in tubs

Winter-hardy varieties with an unusual color look great in the collection of tub plantings. For a bright solo accent on a garden plot, flower garden or meadow, evergreens are perfect, in which the crown is presented in the form of an unusual shape (for example, a column, or an arrow). The weeping or standard form of culture development is ideal for single plantings.


What are the criteria for choosing ornamental shrubs for garden design


To create incredible compositions from original ornamental shrubs, a number of criteria must be taken into account:

Plant decorativeness

An important criterion when choosing a plant is how visually attractive it is. The horticultural market offers a wide variety of crops, with incredible foliage shapes and colors, exquisite flowers, luscious hues and aromas. Among flowering shrubs, give preference to those that bloom throughout the summer season. Plantings with picturesque leaves that change shades depending on the season look exquisite.

Plant height

When choosing artisanal plantings for decorating a summer cottage, be sure to take into account their height. If the perimeter of the site is small, then plant compact varieties that have a neat crown (for example, columnar junipers). If you want to create a shrub hedge, then it is better to choose plants that are characterized by fast growth. Their size provides a pleasant transition between tall trees and low-growing plantings, softening the boundaries of zones, fences, buildings and walls. Pay special attention to the shape of the crown, because it should look original not only in summer, but also in winter.


Perennial planting features

Unlike annuals, perennials need to be planted in the fall so that they are pleasing to the eye at the beginning of the next season. The plan of the flower bed should be designed in advance. When creating a flower garden, one should take into account not only the compatibility of shades of different plants, having read the photo, but also their flowering time and height. Low views should be in the foreground.

Asian swimsuit (Asian light)

Advice! When planting perennial plants, it is best to focus on longline planting, since flowers grouped by height look much more spectacular.


Watch the video: Designing a Narrow Flowerbed to Look Abundant . Garden Answer


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